Word Count

Writers Talk About Writing

Strangers in Our Midst: Words We Skip While Reading

When I was studying Spanish and had gotten to the point where our assignments consisted of reading real books, I kept a well-thumbed dictionary on my desk. Every paragraph seemed to contain several words that I had to look up, which was tedious and slow. Our wise teacher kept telling us that we didn't need to do that—you don't actually have to know what every word means to understand the text.

A few years later I encountered the essay "The Joy of Sesquipedalians" by Anne Fadiman, where she recounts how she read a book that was full of unfamiliar English words. This was such an unusual experience for her that she kept a list of the words she didn't know.

Since then I've occasionally done a similar exercise. As I'm reading, I'll monitor for terms I don't recognize. It's a fascinating experience, because it really underscores what our Spanish teacher was trying to tell us—there are many words that we don't know, and it's surprising how often we might skip over them if they don't seem critical to understanding a passage.

I've found that if I turn on my Spanish-studying mode while reading in English and obsess about every word in a sentence, I can assemble a list of a dozen unfamiliar (to me) terms very quickly. Below I've listed a few that I've encountered recently.

opisometer: A friend on Facebook was asking if anyone knew where she could find this tool. I recognized the device—I used to watch a friend's father use one while he was working—but didn't know its name. I'm slightly disappointed that if you go looking for one of these, you'll now find that it's more commonly called a "map measurer," since opisometer is such a fine word.

glurge: This is another term that came up on social media, in a discussion about dubious stories that get passed around in email. I didn't feel so bad about not knowing this term, since it's a relatively recent coinage.

orthopraxis: I was reading a piece about differences between religions, and the author noted that some tended to emphasize orthodoxy ("correct belief," a term I did know) while others tended to emphasize orthopraxy ("correct practice," a term I'd apparently never consciously seen).

dewar: This was in a book that discussed rockets, so I initially assumed it was a technical term. But it's what's more commonly referred to as a Thermos bottle, referencing its inventor.

labile: I ran across this term in an article in The New Yorker, a publication that's very much for general readers. It's a particularly good example of a term I would have skipped had I not been on the lookout for unknown words.

gibibyte: I ran across this term in the documentation that we create at my work, of all places. I initially assumed it was a spelling error (for gigabyte), and was quite surprised to discover that it's a term regularly used in my own industry. I feel slightly better about not recognizing the term since it's also not recognized by the spelling checker in Microsoft Word 2013.

I don't think of these terms as particularly obscure. On the contrary, I strongly suspect that I've encountered them before, but not while paying close enough attention. If I'm not undergoing one of my periodic exercises in obsessiveness, I am nearly blind to unfamiliar terms like these.

If you, like me, don't routinely work in Spanish-student mode and dive for the dictionary every single time you find a new term, I recommend this exercise highly. Obviously, your list of unknown terms will be different from mine (and from everyone else's), but I bet you can assemble a list of new terms pretty quickly. Not only does it build your vocabulary, but it reminds us how incredibly rich the English lexicon is. And, of course, it's a good reminder of how well we can read and understand what we're reading in spite of these strange terms in our midst.


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Mike Pope has been a technical writer and editor for nearly 30 years. He has worked at Microsoft and Amazon, and currently works at Tableau Software. You can read more at Mike's Web Log and Evolving English II. Click here to read more articles by Mike Pope.

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Comments from our users:

Wednesday April 9th, 2:04 PM
Comment by: Craig J. (Mundelein, IL)
Glurge is not only indulged in by preachers, but also by politicians. Thanks for the word.
Thursday April 10th, 6:49 AM
Comment by: Juan Jose Hartlohner (Madrid Spain)
I agree with your Spanish teacher. In the initial phase of learning a language, read on. You absorb or assimilate vocabulary faster by just reading, deducing meaning through context. Underline expressions as you go. With a certain level of fluency, devote time to look up particular words. Best, after completing a chapter.

The difficulty of your reading material should increase in harmony with your vocabulary wealth. That is, mimic what you did as a child with your own mother tongue.

By learning another language, you will gain a better insight of yours.
Saturday April 12th, 10:54 AM
Comment by: Alison A.
I frequently do this your exercise ,Mike. In fact, I have a mini notebook where I write down unfamiliar words along with their definitions. I've discovered and learned several new terms since I started doing this. I'm adding gouge to my little book ;D. One thing I truly love about my Kindle is being able to instantly look up definitions as I read, though the dictionary on the Kindle Fire is not very good IMHO. Thanks for an interesting read.
Monday April 14th, 2:36 PM
Comment by: lourdes (PA)
It was a reminder of a time when I kept a trove of 3x5 cards with lists of words that I need to check on a dictionary, before the onset of vocabulary.com, of course! But the disadvantage of that was I lost the context of the words in the sentences where it came from.
Tuesday May 6th, 1:41 AM
Comment by: ThomasK
That is what I do, but I sometimes wonder whether we don't miss something and more. That is a general problem, I suppose, when reading books in a foreign language, and even when one knows the word, one often misses out on the different connotations words have, I think.

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