Unless otherwise decided by a majority of the States Parties, ten years after the entry into force of this Treaty a Conference of the States Parties shall be held to review the operation and effectiveness of this Treaty, with a view to assuring itself that the objectives and purposes in the
Preamble and the provisions of the Treaty are being realized.
The States Parties to this Treaty (hereinafter referred to as "the States Parties"),
Welcoming the international agreements and other positive measures of recent years in the field of
nuclear disarmament, including reductions in arsenals of
nuclear weapons, as well as in the field of the prevention of
nuclear proliferation in all its aspects,
Convinced that the present international situation provides an opportunity to take further effective measures towards nuclear disarmament and against the
proliferation of nuclear weapons in all its aspects, and declaring their intention to take such measures,
The States Parties hereby establish the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (hereinafter referred to as "the Organization") to achieve the object and purpose of this Treaty, to ensure the
implementation of its provisions, including those for international verification of compliance with it, and to provide a forum for consultation and cooperation among States Parties.
Further recognizing that an end to all such nuclear explosions will thus constitute a meaningful step in the realization of a
systematic process to achieve nuclear disarmament,
Stressing therefore the need for continued systematic and progressive efforts to reduce nuclear weapons globally, with the
ultimate goal of eliminating those weapons, and of general and complete disarmament under strict and effective international control,
Recognizing that the
cessation of all nuclear weapon test explosions and all other nuclear explosions, by constraining the development and qualitative improvement of nuclear weapons and ending the development of advanced new types of nuclear weapons, constitutes an effective measure of nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation in all its aspects,
Recognizing that the cessation of all nuclear weapon test explosions and all other nuclear explosions, by constraining the development and
qualitative improvement of nuclear weapons and ending the development of advanced new types of nuclear weapons, constitutes an effective measure of nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation in all its aspects,
Further recognizing that an end to all such nuclear explosions will thus
constitute a meaningful step in the realization of a systematic process to achieve nuclear disarmament,
Convinced that the most effective way to achieve an end to nuclear testing is through the conclusion of a universal and internationally and effectively verifiable
comprehensive nuclear test-ban treaty, which has long been one of the highest priority objectives of the international community in the field of disarmament and non-proliferation,
aspirations expressed by the Parties to the 1963 Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and Under Water to seek to achieve the discontinuance of all test explosions of nuclear weapons for all time,
Affirming the purpose of attracting the adherence of all States to this Treaty and its objective to contribute effectively to the prevention of the proliferation of nuclear weapons in all its aspects, to the process of nuclear disarmament and therefore to the
enhancement of international peace and security,
Each State Party undertakes not to carry out any nuclear weapon test explosion or any other nuclear explosion, and to prohibit and prevent any such nuclear explosion at any place under its
jurisdiction or control.
refrain from any action that might reflect adversely on their positions as international officers responsible only to the Organization.
The Organization shall conduct its
verification activities provided for under this Treaty in the least intrusive manner possible consistent with the timely and efficient accomplishment of their objectives.
The Conference shall oversee the implementation of, and review
compliance with, this Treaty and act in order to promote its object and purpose.
A member of the Organization which is in
arrears in the payment of its assessed contribution to the Organization shall have no vote in the Organization if the amount of its
arrears equals or exceeds the amount of the contribution due from it for the preceding two full years.
A majority of the States Parties shall constitute a
(g) Take the necessary measures to ensure compliance with this Treaty and to redress and remedy any situation that
contravenes the provisions of this Treaty, in accordance with Article V;
(d) If the requesting State Party
deems the clarification to be inadequate, it shall have the right to request the Executive Council to obtain further clarification from the requested State Party.
The provisions of this Treaty shall be implemented in a manner which avoids
hampering the economic and technological development of the States Parties for further development of the application of atomic energy for peaceful purposes.