Renege means to go back on a promise or obligation. When used in this context, it fits well into the concept of “your word is your bond”- saying something, even without an explicit promise, compels you to act in ways that fit with how you said you would behave.
He not only lies openly, but he
reneges on his promises daily.
But critics suspect that Hekmatyar is unlikely to change his stripes, disarm his men or
retract his harsh criticisms.
To abrogate something it is not enough to just speak out against it or separate yourself from it in a public manner. In order to abrogate one must formally revoke a previously filed document or opinion. A more common synonym for abrogate is “repeal”, as when a new administration seeks to repeal, or cancel, measures taken by the previous administration.
It was quickly
abrogated with one rewrite after another, each resulting in further land take-aways from the Sioux.
When the photo surfaced in the last week of the campaign, Butler
disclaimed any knowledge of how it had come to be.
From the Latin meaning “to cast off by divorce,”
repudiate is a clear example of a word that is used when you have really changed your mind and seek to separate yourself from your previously held beliefs.
Repudiate focuses on the demonization of where you were and not the positive aspects of where you are now.
The authorities of the Scottish Episcopal Church should immediately
repudiate this ill-advised invitation and exercise appropriate discipline for those involved.”
To disavow is to break a promise or belief. In this case, disavowal also includes refusing to stand behind something previously supported by you or your organization. Often in times of crisis or scandal, people who have up until now been boosters for the accused will disavow them when the evidence against their former friend becomes too great or the scandal simply reaches epic proportions.
Professors in the sociology department
disavowed Edmonds’s remarks, saying, “We consider Professor Edmonds’s views to be unfounded, ill-advised and clearly insensitive.”
Abjure is a word that takes leaving a former belief behind one step further — it means to swear an oath that you reject the previously held position.
Abjure seeks to stop flip-flopping right after the person has flipped to the “right” position. The extra pressure, or guilt, of an oath will perhaps prevent going back to your past position and make you indebted to your new-found outlook.
Scientists in the West generally
abjure this sort of research on the grounds that it amounts to genetic engineering of humans.
This word is another one about changing your mind that deals in high stakes decisions. It is inappropriate to say that you’ve renounced your formerly favorite breakfast cereal because they removed your most-loved marshmallow shape, unless you are the celebrity spokesperson for said cereal — then it is a big deal.
Renounce is a word that not only entails switching your viewpoint, but also explicitly rejecting a formerly held opinion.
A favored tactic is public humiliation – forcing those who wrote negative comments to appear on local television to
renounce their views and apologize.
For most of us, choosing family doesn’t mean
forsaking our friends or core beliefs.
Heavy gunfire erupted on Monday in Ivory Coast’s two largest cities as the military tried to
quash a four-day army mutiny over bonus payments.