WORD LISTS

Not Your Father's Word List: Pater, Patr

January 23, 2019
Learn these words derived from the Latin roots pater and patris, meaning "father."
compatriot
In search of compatriots, they used to trail their fingers, at the start of each new semester, through the columns of the university directory, circling surnames familiar to their part of the world.
expatriate
In embassies and consulates around the world, government employees work to promote the institutions of democracy and assist U.S. expatriates and travelers in need while abroad.
expatriation
This was followed by a period of expatriation and forced assimilation, when American Indians were removed from their tribal lands and required to repudiate their languages, their traditions, and their cultures.
paternal
Father's brother or father's father's brother, if the relationship was on the paternal side her maiden name would be Westing.
paternity
And last year, Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg helped to set an example around paternity leave by taking time off after the birth of his second daughter.
patriarch
The birth of a son, the death of a patriarch—these events likewise affected the state of a household’s garbage.
patriarchy
Iranian society may be a traditional patriarchy, but at least in the sophisticated precincts of Tehran, its capital city, wives often call the shots, and husbands tremble in fear of their rage.
patrician
He is a wealthy lawyer with a grand house and a long, patrician heritage.
patricide
Whatever method is used to explain why the young Ben Solo became so estranged from his parents that patricide became the only option, there must be an acceptable level of detail in the devilry.
patrilineal
Most societies in the ancient world were patrilineal—that is, leadership or status passed through the father’s line.
patrimony
Hernández showed off artifacts discovered at the site and told reporters that Honduras was obliged to protect its “national patrimony” – for tourism as much as history.
patriot
“She personifies duty, she is a patriot and a servant of our country,” said one.
patriotic
As the song boomed from speakers throughout the Grand Ballroom, two huge screens above the stage displayed a series of patriotic images: the Statue of Liberty, the Lincoln Memorial, amber waves of grain.
patriotism
We bought small American flags to hang in the window to show our patriotism.
patron
The black bear seen roaming Burlington’s retail district on Friday evening stunned patrons and employees of local businesses.
patronage
A few years later, when Robbie won his scholarship to the local grammar, Jack Tallis took the first step in an enduring patronage by paying for the uniform and textbooks.
patronizing
To this day I’ll never forget the patronizing, condescending way they spoke to her.
patronymic
In Spain, Ximenez is often called Cisneros, for there two surnames are used; the first following the Christian name is the patronymic name of the father, the second that of the mother.
patter
Patter in this sense derives from the Middle English verb pateren, "to speak or mumble prayers quickly," which in turn derives from paternoster, a repeated prayer, especially the Lord's Prayer (literally "Our Father" in Latin). Over time, patter developed a more secular meaning associated with the language of thieves and beggars, and later with the persuasive talk of street traders and salespeople.
He registers at first as an amiable host with an amusing line of patter about growing up Catholic in Denver.
perpetrate
From the Latin root words per ("entirely") and patrare ("carry out"), we get perpetrate in its literal sense, "to carry out completely." Originally, patrare was borrowed from pater, with the sense of "to bring into existence." Perpetrate took on a negative connotation during the 15th century, when British courts first implied in statutes that to perpetrate meant "to perform criminally."
He’s in a talkative mood, focusing on what I imagine is his favorite theme: the injustices perpetrated against him by everyone else, all the time.
repatriate
With more than 2,000 other protesters, Ashe gathered in front of the White House to seek justice for the growing mass of Haitian “boat people” being forcibly repatriated without a hearing.
repatriation
The Canadian government is discussing the repatriation of the skulls of five Labrador Inuits from the collection of the Musée de l’Homme in Paris.

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