Our genetic information is encoded by the nucleotides thymine, cytosine, guanine, and adenosine, abbreviated as T, C, G, and A, respectively.
Jim Burke's Academic Vocabulary List
February 14, 2014
By Vocabulary.com (NY)
A thorough survey of various textbooks, assignments, content area standards, and examinations yields the following list of words compiled by Jim Burke. You cannot expect to succeed on assignments if you do not understand the directions.
Our genetic information is encoded by the nucleotides thymine, cytosine, guanine, and adenosine, abbreviated as T, C, G, and A, respectively.
The chosen definition for this word is an adjective meaning. As a noun, "abstract" means "a sketchy summary of the main points of an argument."
And rather than stating something as an abstract principle, he’d give it flesh and bones and heart by situating it in a story.
Up to 35 percent of food products contain meat glue, including tofu, milk, yogurt and even cereal according to industry accounts.
OMG The first recorded appearance of this breathless acronym for “Oh, my God!” comes, surprisingly, in a letter to Winston Churchill.
As a verb, "address" also means "deliver a formal spoken communication to an audience"--this could describe how Obama addresses the leaders as he addresses the issues.
Obama is due to meet with the leaders of all four nations, and plans to address diplomatic, economic and security issues, the White House said.
Don't confuse "affect" with "effect"--in most cases, "affect" is used as verb while "effect" is used as a noun. As suggested by the example sentence, stormy weather affects a lot of people and services; it can have physical, emotional, and cognitive effects.
Thousands of properties are without power, schools are closed and trains have been cancelled--how is the stormy weather affecting you?
In Rome, the Canadian postulants gave me a present--a book that altered my life utterly.
“The world is full of giants,” she begins, “they have always been here. We had to learn how to overcome them.”
Actually, the word “recipe” points us toward a useful analogy: think of a quantum field theory as a culinary recipe.
Literary analysis investigates the structure of a text and may also include exploring the underlying motives of characters. As a branch of mathematics, "analysis" involves calculus and limits.
Indeed, Pew’s own analysis of its data makes it clear that Facebook has a golden opportunity in those countries:
The babies in the study wore vests equipped with devices that record and analyze the conversations and background noises near the baby over 16 hours.
Genius, which allows users to annotate music lyrics, has thousands of songs whose explanations are continually updated and improved by its community of members.
“Just as they anticipate fashion trends, they now have to anticipate changes in consumer behavior.”
The example sentence's use of "application" could also mean "a program that gives a computer instructions" but it would not connect to this definition: "a verbal or written request for assistance or admission."
Its application also allows users to search for points of interest such as restaurants and cinemas.
"Apply" also means 1) ask for something; 2) employ for a particular purpose; 3) ensure observance of laws and rules; and 4) commit oneself to--although the chosen definition is the best fit for the example sentence, these can also apply, since the contractors first had to apply (1) for the job, before they could apply (2) the skills of their workers, while applying (3) the stricter measures, and applying (4) themselves to creating safe work conditions.
On Tuesday, Qatari World Cup organizers produced a 50-page document outlining stricter measures that would apply to contractors involved in building work for the tournament.
So we have two approaches to eating and sex in zoos--both created by people who care deeply about the animals in their care.
“Also unsure of whether #Unapologetic is appropriate for a child’s toy.”
For years, psychologists have known that human infants are born with an " approximate number sense," called ANS, or the ability to estimate amounts without counting.
I could argue that nerds, being more technical, also have more vision and relevance in a more technical world.
"Argument" can also refer to what takes place before the assertion: "a methodical process of logical reasoning" or "a discussion for and against some proposition or proposal." In reference to a literary work, an argument is "a summary of the subject or plot" and in reference to a logical or mathematical expression, it is a variable.
An oft-quoted argument for investing in emerging markets is their superior economic growth.
The sophistication comes with choosing the right texts and arranging them in an effective sequence that motivates and encourages the patient without alienating him.
He was deeply committed to the principle of free markets, and articulated four “Internet freedoms” reminiscent of Richard M. Stallman’s four software freedoms.
In referring to people, "aspect" is "a characteristic to be considered" or "the feelings expressed on a face." In grammar, the aspect of a verb is the duration or completion of the action (which should not be confused with the tenses, which also connect to the time of an action, but does not include how the time of the action is viewed).
Another aspect to consider is that people who file claims have an incentive to exaggerate their symptoms to receive more compensation for longer.
Sweating in green army fatigues, he praised the plan, noting its imported, prefabricated design that allowed walls to be assembled quickly, like puzzle pieces.
Mr. Chermayeff gives dogs their due, depicting one holding a city flag and asserting: “I have thousands of friends and all their owners vote.”
Other cars are covered with rubble, making it tough to assess the damage or estimate the cost of repairs, Doran said.
"As a visual icon the ukulele is instantly associated with Hawaii, which is why it's used so frequently in advertising."
“I didn’t want to assume she was into me and then for it to go wrong. That would have been very, very embarrassing,” he says.
As most people know, even the most objective of these ranking lists are loaded with all kinds of hidden biases, assumptions and subjective decisions.
They’ll continue to try to find new features that appeal to their audiences, which means more instances of tech deja vu in the future.
“We wanted to make it look authentic, like your Lego play set was truly coming to life.”
Information that is essential to understanding a situation could include "the state of the environment in which a situation exists." Information that is essential to understanding people could include their "social heritage or previous experience and training." Information that is essential to understanding a play could include "scenery hung at the back of a stage."
The background: She and her husband purchased her stepson’s home at foreclosure so that he and his family wouldn’t become homeless.
The system could be a) an individual 3-dimensional object that has mass and that is distinguishable from other objects; b) a group of persons associated by some common tie or occupation and regarded as an entity; c) a group of things regarded as a whole. In the example sentence, "body" is used to mean (c) but is also punning on (a). In reference to a literary work, the body is the main part (minus the introduction, conclusion, and additional materials).
Although these behavioural changes make the drugs useful, a growing body of evidence suggests that the benefits mainly stop there.
The Vatican announced Tuesday it would host a workshop early in the new year to brainstorm peaceful solutions to the ongoing civil war in Syria.
The given definition is for the word as an adjective (which the title of Hawking's book puns on since "brief" also means "of short duration or distance"). As a noun, "brief" means "a condensed written summary or abstract" or "a document stating the points of law of a client's case." As a verb, "brief" means "give essential information to someone."
Hawking’s popular reputation was created through his best-selling book, A Brief History of Time, and the accompanying video program.
"Calculate" also means "judge to be probable" or "predict in advance"--all three definitions fit the example sentence, since it is an argument for why IQ tests are used: because humans by themselves cannot correctly compute, judge, and predict a person's capabilities, standardized tests have been created as a tool to support decisions that need to be made about class placements, learning services, etc.
Unaided human reason is typically very bad at calculating relevant probabilities.
"Caption" can also be used as a verb; any type of image, including photographs, can be captioned. Usually, the descriptions are brief explanations or humorous observations. But if seen at the bottom of a screen for a show, the captions are either a translation of the dialogue for foreign viewers or a transcription of the dialogue for hearing-impaired viewers.
The photo generated captions such as: "I had fun once...it was awful."
The example sentence describes recognition given by the British Academy Games Awards--this connects "category" to the given definition. But "action and adventure" can also be a category ("a collection of things sharing a common attribute") in a section of a game store.
The Playstation 3 title is recognised in categories including action & adventure, artistic achievement, best game and game design.
"Cause" can also mean "a justification for something existing or happening"--the example sentence does not argue for the cause of bullying; rather, it points out that, in the case of the football player Jonathan Martin, his depression might have caused ("make act in a specific manner") his teammates to bully him, which then caused ("give rise to") more mental health struggles.
They see the two-way street, the way in which mental-health struggles can be a partial cause as well as an effect of bullying.
The example sentence uses "character" to connect only to the given definition, but it implies that even imaginary people in a fictional work should show the additional meanings of "character": "a property that defines the individual nature of something" and "attributes that determine one's moral and ethical actions."
And House of Cards would be a greater show if it had characters who were people more than game pieces.
"Characteristic" can be either a noun or adjective ("typical or distinctive"). Although the example sentence focuses on the unique characteristics of geometric objects, the article in which it appears compares the process of proving a geometric theorem to the development of characters and their story lines. This parallel is characteristic of The Simpsons, whose creative team over the years has included members with degrees in math and computer science.
All geometric objects must remain true to their unique characteristics, and each step in the proof must follow the strict rules of logical deduction.
Rosacea is a skin condition characterized by red cheeks, chin, nose or forehead, often with small bumps that resemble pimples.
The example sentence uses "chart" as a noun, but it could also be a verb: as a meteorologist, Mr. Bateman was asked to chart ("represent by means of a graph") every possible weather pattern at specific times in New York and New Jersey, so that the National Football League could chart ("plan in detail") the first Superbowl held outdoors in a cold winter environment.
Mr. Bateman said he was told to prepare “whiz bang” charts that detail everything from wind speeds to temperature trends.
He uses a timeline stretching all the way round the classroom, running from 1066 to the present day, to reinforce the notion of chronology.
And what’s more important: tweet-ability or the traditional citation from the scientific community?
But in fairness to Aesop, no one has ever cited his works as justification for irrational hatred and violence.
Although "claim" comes from the Latin verb "clamare" which means "to call" it can also be used as a noun in English to mean an assertion that something is true or that something rightfully belongs to you.
Mr. Ban added, “We cannot claim to care about mass atrocity crimes and then shrink from what it means to actually prevent them.”
Moreover, because these supernovae are used as cosmic measuring sticks, understanding them better may help clarify the shape of the Universe.
In biology, "class" is a category ranking below a phylum and above an order. This idea of ranking can also be seen when people are classed into groups. The example sentence suggests that, despite being created in an attempt to save the Postal Service, the new class of "City Carrier Assistants" would rank lower than the regular postal carriers, and with their lower ranking comes lower pay and less desirable working hours.
Metro Post employees, and those who deliver packages on Sunday for Amazon, are part of a new class of postal workers called City Carrier Assistants.
It may also give us clues to a second antimatter mystery: Why is there more matter than antimatter in the universe?
Aside from the secret nature often associated with codes, the noun can also mean "a system of symbols, letters, or words for transmitting messages in brevity." Although the example sentence's use of "code" means "a set of rules" the description of the flashing phrase and upraised hand refers to a larger system of traffic signs that pedestrians and drivers must quickly decode in order to move around safely.
The California Vehicle Code states: "No pedestrian shall start crossing in direction of a flashing or steady "DON'T WALK" or upraised hand symbol."
Even science fiction, even fantasy has to follow the laws of human nature for the story to be coherent.
The adjective "common" might have been intended to connect to the chosen definition (and its similar one of "belonging to or participated in by a community as a whole"), as well as to the ones meaning "to be expected; standard" and "frequently encountered" but negative reactions to the Common Core might connect it to other definitions, such as "having no special distinction or quality" or "of low or inferior quality or value."
Thirty-six states and D.C. have agreed to field test new Common Core standardized exams.
Many compared the halfpipe to the one used for the 2010 Vancouver Games, which was similarly criticized in the days before the competition.
The list was compiled using tips from more than 170 music critics, DJs and bloggers.
"Complement" can also mean "either of two parts that create a whole"--this definition is suggested by the article in which the example sentence appears, since The Hague had recently loaned art to the Frick, and now the Frick is loaning part of its collection to The Hague. This sense of completion can also be seen in grammar, where "complement" means "a word or phrase used to complete a grammatical construction."
“There is a big difference between our collections. We show only Dutch and Flemish paintings, so the Frick’s collection is a perfect complement.”
Similar to "complement" another definition of the verb "complete" connects to wholeness: "bring to a whole, with all the necessary parts or elements." Completing something often simply means finishing it, but what is necessary or required to make something whole is not always a perfect fit.
Children treated with stimulants would be able to complete a worksheet of simple maths problems faster and more accurately than usual, explains Nora Volkow.
See "compile" for another definition that makes the two verbs synonymous. "Compose" can also mean "make up plans or basic details for" or "write music."
How do you feel about the typing indicator—“David is typing”—that appears on your buddy’s screen while you’re composing a message in chat?
"Composition" also means "the way in which someone or something is put together"--the example sentence suggests this definition since it is comparing the composition of some fashion designs to the black and white notebooks elementary school students use to write essays.
Some of the more somber black and white looks resembled composition notebooks--elementary, but chic.
The example sentence puns on the word "conceive" by connecting to the meaning "become pregnant" with the use of the verb "birth"--this is a clue that the writer of the article in which this example sentence appears conceives ("judge or regard; look upon) of Obamacare as an awful system that needs to be fixed in order to realize its goal of universal quality healthcare.
What we now call Obamacare was conceived at the Heritage Foundation, a conservative think tank, and birthed in Massachusetts by Mitt Romney, then the governor.
Twitter is the standard for this concept: hard-coded limits force you to be more concise, more creative.
But even though the natural gas system is sloppier than the EPA estimates, it's still cleaner than coal, the study concludes.
"Conclusion" also means 1) the last section of a communication and 2) event whose occurrence ends something--all three definitions fit the example sentence, since it is making fun of the conclusion found in the conclusion (1) of a study that recommends that extreme conclusions (2) to movies should be avoided because media violence causes harm.
Yet it strikes a note of almost hilarious caution in its final paragraph: “One conclusion appears clear—extreme conclusions are to be avoided.”
“A family office is a concrete symbol that there is no one responsible for your affairs but you,” Mr. Carroll said.
The growing conditions mentioned in the example sentence can include "the atmospheric conditions that comprise the state of the atmosphere in terms of temperature and wind and clouds and precipitation." Although the focus here is on plants, a simpler definition of "conditions" also fits: "the set of circumstances that affect someone's welfare."
The chemical composition of two genetically identical plants can vary based on growing conditions, soil content, parasites and many other factors.
"Conduct" (with the accent on the first syllable) is a noun that means "manner of acting or controlling yourself" or "the way a person behaves towards other people"--these definitions are suggested by the example sentence, since an anthropologist conducting research would be examining the conduct of people.
But executives had been looking for an anthropologist to conduct research into how people used technology in their homes.
New figures due out this month are also expected to confirm that the winter of 2013-14 has been the wettest on record.
"Consequence" can also mean "the outcome of an event"--although this definition is often seen relative to an individual, it can also apply here. The intended outcome of a siege is the capture of a town or fortress, but since the army surrounds the town, takes their resources, and blocks any new supplies from coming in, the siege actually causes starvation.
In medieval Europe, starvation was the de facto consequence of a siege.
"Consider" also means "judge or regard; look upon" (see the synonymous "conceive")--this definition can be considered (take into account) if you would consider using Persona because you care about how others consider you.
You might also want to consider using a reputation-monitoring service like Persona.
Washington’s Virginia plantation, Mount Vernon, consisted of five separate farms on 8,000 acres of prime farmland run by more than 300 slaves.
The example sentence uses the chosen definition to refer to the ice surface of a luge track, but many of the Olympic athletes are hoping that they're consistent ("reliable") in their performances, that the judges are consistent ("conforming to the same principles") in their scoring, and that their experience is consistent ("in agreement; compatible) with their dreams.
No track has a consistent ice surface throughout, he said, because of ever-changing variables including the method of ice application and weather conditions.
While the repeated use of the adverb "consistently" emphasizes reliability and equality, the focus on safe streets suggests a systematic enforcing of order in some New York City neighborhoods.
And in some of our neighborhoods, the streets are consistently safe and opportunity consistently flows.
"Constant" is used as an adjective in the example sentence to refer to the constant ("a quantity that does not vary") of 22. This idea of not changing can also be seen in other definitions of "constant" that can be used to describe actions, conditions, or people: "uninterrupted in time and indefinitely long continuing" and "steadfast in purpose or devotion or affection."
The number of states requiring that an economics course be taken in high school remains constant at 22.
Who is to say what percentage of a person’s DNA must come from another human to constitute biological parenthood?
She also did what a coach at any level might do: consult the technical information on the United States Figure Skating Association website.
"Contend" also means 1) compete for something; 2) have an argument about something; and 3) make the subject of dispute or litigation. The candidates are contending (1) for the presidency of the World Chess Federation. Each contends that the other is guilty of corruption, and both are using the press to contend (2) with each other. With money, power, and prestige at stake, they might go to court to contend (3) their case.
What has rocked even the jaded chess world this time are signed contracts posted online that each candidate contends proves dirty dealing by the other.
Another definition of "context" ("the set of facts or circumstances that surround a situation") makes it nearly synonymous with "background" and "conditions" and connects it to a wider scope of understanding.
If the youngster knows the word "kitty," and his brain recognizes it quickly enough, then he can figure out what "bench" means by the context.
We are part of the continuum of life with all species.
Those findings support recent research contradicting the conventional wisdom that trees capture less carbon as they age.
The chosen definition is for "control" as a noun, but the word is used as an adjective in the example sentence. In most definitions of "control" (it can also be a verb), the sense of power to direct or determine can be seen, whether it's directed at oneself, others, a machine, knowledge, or the conditions of a scientific experiment.
Vehicles that were offered the stickers saw a 50% reduction in total accidents compared with a control group.
Except for its use in sports, where converting often means successfully completing a play and scoring, "convert" connects to change and can be applied to things, people, beliefs, or systems.
In rare cases the liver can literally save your life by converting a toxic molecule to a non-toxic one.
"Convey" also means 1) serve as a means for expressing something; 2) transmit or serve as the medium for transmission; and 3) transfer to another. The actors' faces convey (1) emotion, which are then conveyed (2) through a movie screen, and hopefully, conveyed (3) to the audience.
Of course, tense faces, in close-ups, are one of the chief ways that actors and filmmakers convey emotion, especially in thrillers.
Although "copy" is used as a noun in the example sentence, the action of copying every word by hand is implied by both the original manuscript's age and the description of scrawling black ink.
Scrawled in cinnabar and black ink, the manuscripts, detailing the tantric rituals of Buddhist deities, were copies of 15th-century texts.
He lays the blame squarely on weather and bee management practices, which correlate more closely with bee survival rates than does the use of neonics.
Unlike the cookie dough variety, this cookie’s flavor corresponds with its name: it really does taste like a Rice Krispies Treat.
With a credible claim to be the oldest living currency in the world, the pound has accompanied Britons through much of their march through history.
One definition of "credit" ("have trust in; trust in the truth of") connects it to "credible" (both come from the Latin "credere" which means "to believe"). Another definition of "credit" makes it nearly synonymous with "citation" ("a short note recognizing a source of information"), but "credit" could also be recognition for a completed course of studies, a contribution to a larger work, or an achievement in any activity.
"Managers take credit when they do well with players and they should take the blame when they don't."
The judging is based on five criteria, including “element of surprise” and “closet appeal.”
"Critique" also means "an essay or article that gives a critical examination"--this definition describes the article in which the example sentence was found, but it doesn't apply to Ms. Almutawakel's critique of extremism, since that was done through photographs of Middle Eastern girls in veils.
In this critique of extremism, Ms. Almutawakel said that for little girls to be covered to this extent is not about religion but control.
But while sleep is crucial for sick and premature babies to grow and recover, it can be difficult in a bright, noisy hospital.
Mr. Levinson recommended that Medicare officials “establish a cumulative payment threshold” and closely examine claims filed by any doctor whose total exceeded that amount.
More broadly, the protests have reignited a debate about whether interventions by the international community are the solution in Bosnia--or part of the problem.
Within moments of meeting Watson, the detective deduces his new acquaintance’s war history, living situation and the state of his family relations.
And now this week, Nevada’s attorney general, a Democrat, and its Republican governor, announced that they too, could not defend the state’s gay-marriage ban anymore.
"Explain the meaning of a word" would be too simple a definition for the example sentence: the writings might have included a definition, but what the writings defined was not the word, but an entire attitude towards diabetes. "Define" also means "decide upon or fix with certainty"--this fits, since the writings were by a doctor who survived diabetes in the 1920s when it was still mostly seen as a condition leading to death.
His writings helped define how diabetes was viewed for decades.
"Demand" also means "request urgently and forcefully"--although this definition does not fit the example sentence, it can be connected to a skill cheerleaders might use to pump up their team and home crowd.
But advocates say cheerleading is a profession that demands specific skills and not everyone can land the job.
Katz said the paper demonstrates that in a culture that eats very poorly, we need fortification to have adequate nutrient intake.
Biblical history 101 teaches that the texts themselves were often written centuries after the events they depict.
"Derive" also means "come from"--this definition does not fit the example sentence, but it can be seen in the suggestion that a lot of geometric knowledge derives from Euclid.
Euclid begins with 23 definitions, 5 axioms, and 5 postulates and derives all sorts of theorems from them.
Even though the employment picture has brightened since the depths of the Great Recession, few would describe it as sunny.
"Detail" can also be used as a verb to mean "provide specifics for"--this sounds like a positive action, but in the case of Snowden, his action illegally detailed secrets that affect national security.
In August last year, Russia granted Mr Snowden asylum for one year, after he leaked details of US electronic surveillance programmes.
In one sequence, RoboCop takes on about 50 bad guys in the dark by detecting them with heat vision.
Careful questioning will help you determine what people really want, which is often different from what they say they want.
As suggested by the phrase "one day" the verb "develop" usually connects to change, growth, or creation that happens over a period of time. This can apply to the development of living organisms, abstract theories, practical skills, musical pieces, essays, photographs, poor countries, technologies, games, etc.
One day, we might develop games to treat depression or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
A big breakthrough came in 1855 when Henry Bessemer devised a process for making steel on an industrial scale much more cheaply.
One user called "I Eat" wrote to her with the diction of a Muppet: "Would you like talk with cannibal?" he asked.
Surely there are many games involving candy that are sufficiently differentiated from Candy Crush so as to not be deemed infringing.
The geographical size of Russia and the word "shape" in the example sentence connect to the chosen definition. But the shape and size of a country are not the only factors that should be taken into consideration when trying to understand it. "Dimensions" is also used here to broadly include any quality that distinguishes Russia--this is meant to be a vague way of saying that Russia is so big and broad that cooperating with it is difficult.
"We understand the shape and the dimensions of the Russia we're dealing with, and it makes it tougher to find that cooperation."
"Diminish" also means "lessen the authority, dignity, or reputation of"--both definitions fit the example sentence because a social role can dictate one's actions, which would diminish the extent to which one can create a separate identity, which diminishes one's authority and can lead to one feeling diminished in dignity or worth.
Zimbardo had designed the experiment to study the power of social roles to diminish the sense of personal identity.
The military needs to be direct in its statements in order to show that it can direct ("command with authority") soldiers and direct ("intend to move towards a certain goal) Egypt to meet the demands of its people. In a direct ("proceeding without deviation") course of action that included an ultimatum, Field Marshal Sisi moves towards the presidency.
The military said at the time that any announcement would "be done via clear and direct statements that cannot be doubted or misinterpreted".
In connection to the chosen definition, the example sentence mentions 4 disciplines. But other definitions of "discipline" are also suggested by the mention of "sports fanaticism": 1) training to improve strength or self-control; 2) a system of rules of conduct or method of practice; 3) punish in order to gain control or enforce obedience.
It turns out there is a whole discipline of studying sports fanaticism, and it spills over into elements of psychology, sociology and physiology.
Another definition of "discover" that fits the example sentence is "get to know or become aware of, usually accidentally." A definition that does not fit here is "make a new finding" since the game of basketball is not new, even though Dell Curry wanted it to be new to his sons.
Dell Curry, who spent most of his 16-year career with the Charlotte Hornets, said he wanted his sons to discover the game for themselves.
The preposition "between" is a clue that this definition is being used. Another definition of "discriminate" is "treat differently on the basis of sex or race (or other criteria)"--the preposition "against" is the clue to this usage. People who do not discriminate between accidental and deliberate killings might discriminate against all killers.
People rarely discriminate between accidental and deliberate killings.
Saudis are among the world's biggest users of social media, using it to discuss political, religious and social issues that were once seen as taboo.
Compare with "differentiate" and "discriminate"--all have at least one definition that connects to noticing differences, but "differentiate" is also a mathematical term, and both it and "distinguish" have definitions that connect to the identification, development, or evolution of organisms.
American modern dance, in its early years, wanted to be taken seriously, to distinguish itself from supposedly more frivolous traditions.
The definition would fit the example sentence better if the first three words were deleted. This would also connect it more closely to other definitions of "domain": 1) a particular environment or walk of life; 2) territory over which rule or control is exercised (which could be geographical, academic, or virtual). An unrelated mathematical definition is "the set of values of the variable defining a function."
Top CS students can also do great things by gaining domain knowledge, such as finance.
Although the definition includes all versions in a work's development, as the example sentence shows, "draft" is most often used for the first version; this can be seen in other definitions of the word: 1) a preliminary sketch of a design or picture; 2) draw up an outline or sketch for something.
He wrote his first draft of the script, based on a short story by the Danish-born writer Isak Dinesen, in 1973.
She has watched the Alpine ski races on television, drawing conclusions about performance and pressure.
Wikipedia relies on a diligent army of roughly 75,000 volunteers each month who edit the articles for a staggeringly large readership.
Compare with "consequence"--in the example sentences shown in this list, the two nouns are synonymous. Compare with "affect"--aside from the similar spellings, another reason the two words are often confused is that an effect can be both a result and the power to achieve a result.
Scientists analysed health improvements from riding the bikes with the potentially harmful effects of physical injury and inhaling traffic fumes.
Generally, an element is "one of the individual parts making up a composite entity" (e.g. the setting in a story, an angle in a triangle, a member in a set). In Chemistry, an element is "a substance that cannot be separated into simpler substances." For a living organism, being in one's element is being in "the most favorable environment in which one is happiest, healthiest, or most effective."
The South West is preparing itself for another battering by the elements with strong winds and rain forecast for Friday night and into the weekend.
Russian President Vladimir Putin has repeatedly emphasized the importance of showcasing Russia flawlessly to the world during the Olympics.
Their parents work diligently to help them succeed: cajoling and pleading and threatening and occasionally employing more intrusive techniques copied from mob debt collectors.
Allen said Virginia's constitutional ban on same-sex marriage violated the right to due process and equal protection of the law under the U.S. Constitution.
To me, Flappy Bird is the game equivalent of eating hot chiles—the pain makes you sweat and captures your attention.
The words came organically to Julia Ernst as she hunkered down to write the essay that would accompany most of her college applications.
Besides old age, the sewers, which are essential to the health of the city, are under assault from a nemesis above ground: grease.
Compare with "demonstrate"--in the example sentences, the verbs are synonymous, but as seen in their Latin roots ("monstrare" means "to show" and "stabilis" means "firm"), "establish" is a stronger action word, especially when used to mean "set up or lay the groundwork for."
Would-be saints need a miracle to establish that they are with God.
More than 200,000 people are believed to be held in North Korean prison camps, according to independent estimates.
In 2009, a Supreme Court decision upheld the validity of multiple-choice testing for evaluating firefighters for promotion, prompting a heated nationwide discussion.
The event marked the collaboration of the denim brand and Bionic Yarn, which makes clothing materials from recycled plastic bottles.
The evidence keeps mounting that mammograms and other tests for cancer—which contribute to the sky-high costs of U.S. health care—do not save lives.
Second, because other people are lying, people think there is a good chance you are exaggerating even if you are entirely honest.
In the past fifteen years we have seen an ever-growing stream of psychological and popular science books examining happiness and how people can increase it.
All the example sentences here are meant to serve as models of how the words in this vocabulary list can be used. In this particular example sentence, the word "example" can also mean "something to be imitated." In the classroom, a teacher might ask students to complete an example, which is "a task performed in order to develop skill or understanding of a principle or method."
The more outlandish the ideas, the better: the company offers parachuting with fireworks and ninjas as examples that might impress.
The Latin verb "excerpere" means "to pick out" (which can be broken down to "ex" which means "out" and "carpere" which means "to pluck"). As a noun in English, "excerpt" means "a passage selected from a larger work."
The phrase people most often associate with Dr. King– excerpted from his landmark 1963 speech—is “I have a dream.”
If people think that the definition of masculinity somehow excludes the idea that you could be gay, then really they need to reexamine that definition.
This definition is synonymous with one shown in the notes for "example" but "example" would not fit in this sentence. The use of "exercise" puns on its other definitions of "the activity of exerting muscles to keep fit" and "systematic training by multiple repetitions"--both of which football players could be doing when they are not team-building by sharing secrets about themselves.
He announced it during a team-building exercise in which coaches asked players to mention something about themselves that no one else knew.
Birds, in particular, exhibit many remarkable skills once thought to be restricted to humans: Magpies recognize their reflection in a mirror.
Although the chosen definition does not show this, "explain" also means "to offer reasons for; justify"--in a televised debate, Bill Nye would not be explaining the research on climate science so much as explaining his position that climate change is a bad reality.
He’s clearly well-informed on the subject of climate science, and he has done quite a lot to popularize and explain the research.
Her book, Zoobiquity: The Astonishing Connection Between Animal and Human Health, explores how our physical and emotional health overlaps with that of non-human animals.
The explanatory and expository sections between scenes—while packed with insight—are often stiff and windy, with lots of academic catchphrases.
Compare with "excerpt"--they are synonymous, but the Latin "extrahere" which means "to draw out" suggests that extraction requires more work and time. "Excerpt" as a verb applies only to literary works, but "extract" can apply to teeth, natural resources, profits, confessions, and meaning ("extract" also means "deduce"). In math, to extract is "to calculate the root of a number."
They also came to "a good agreement" with David Mitchell to use the short extract from his book.
Actual fact: There is no bigger turnoff than an alien bursting out of someone’s stomach.
The chosen definition of "factor" connects to another definition used only in Math: any of two or more numbers that form a product when multiplied together.
After that, American officials, athletes and coaches began to examine other factors, like training regimes, altitude training and mental preparation as causes for the underperformance.
"Feature" comes from the Latin verb "facere" which means "to make"--this connects to all the noticeable parts of created things, whether they're cameras on phones, articles in newspapers, the main film in a movie theater, or the aspect of a verb (see "aspect" in this list). "Feature" can also refer to "a characteristic part of a person's face."
Whether it’s air gestures, tilt scrolling, or companion watches that let you take secret, creepy photos, Samsung is the indisputable King of Features.
The figure of speech used by the example sentence is personification, since it describes a flag as if it could talk. The waving could be seen as both literal and figurative, since a flag can actually wave with the wind, but the example sentence makes the waving seem like an intentional action by the flag to get the golfer's attention.
The flag also has figurative powers; its fluttering is like a wave to the wayward golfer that beseeches, “This way, over here.”
"Figure" is used as an adjective to describe a type of skating that requires the tracing of specific shapes. But 78 and Lipnitskaya's age are also figures, which were used to figure out ("make a mathematical calculation; understand") the skater's place in Russia's Olympics history. This makes Lipnitskaya a figure ("a well-known or notable person").
Her date of birth allowed Lipnitskaya to become the youngest figure skater in 78 years to win Olympic gold for Russia.
The example sentence tells the reader to focus ("direct one's attention on something") on the personal qualities of Lipnitskaya that helped Russia win Olympic gold. Although the event was a team competition, all the attention has focused ("converge on a central point") on Lipnitskaya.
Her talent, her focus and her youthful exuberance spurred Russia to win the inaugural Olympic team title in Sochi.
But he said that fraudsters gather a lot of personal information "from Google, social networking sites, from email footers, all sorts of places".
“It’s a young dynamic firm. We have lots of opportunities to grow,” signaling that Mr. Canellos’s arrival could foreshadow other changes.
The meaning of "form" can take on so many different forms ("a particular mode in which something is manifested") that a much larger form ("a printed document with spaces in which to write") is needed to form ("establish or impress firmly in the mind") a complete understanding of the word.
Depicting the human form in this way expressed Leonardo’s belief that humankind represented a microcosm of the universe.
Although "format" is used as a noun in the example sentence, its meaning as a verb ("set into a specific appearance for publication") is suggested, since the show is posted onto YouTube.
“Shallow News in Depth” follows a similar format of celebrity interviews, commentary on news and humorous dispatches by reporters on the streets of Bangkok.
"Former" also refers to "the first of two things or persons mentioned"--in the example sentence, of the two Parks mentioned, the former is the daughter and the latter is the father.
They accused Ms. Park of “resurrecting the dictatorship” of her father, former President Park Chung-hee.
"Formulate" also means 1) prepare according to instructions or a formula; 2) elaborate, as of theories and hypotheses; 3) come up with after a mental effort--all four definitions fit, because the subject of the verb is a government agency that is trying to develop new, clearer rules that would replace the old, vague ones in order to prevent organizations from wrongfully claiming tax-exempt status.
In November, in an effort to make the process both more transparent and more rigorous, the I.R.S. announced that it would begin formulating new rules.
Within this example sentence about "fragment" are two fragments that could be rephrased, moved, or developed to fit more smoothly and grammatically with the rest of the sentence.
Another technique he favored was to include fragments from other texts in his poems, even other poets’ work, a device he called approximation.
"Frame" also means 1) make up plans or basic details for; 2) construct by fitting or uniting parts together (both could describe Ginsburg's process of developing the arguments); 3) alternative name for the body of a human being (which could pun on the phrase "new body"); 4) a system of assumptions and standards that sanction behavior and give it meaning (Ginsburg's work set up a new legal frame for the treatment of women).
As a lawyer, Justice Ginsburg framed and argued cases that established an entirely new body of constitutional law, one requiring the equal treatment of women.
Reduced precipitation means forests that once burned every 100 to 150 years are now burning much more frequently.
"General" also means "affecting the entire body" and "somewhat indefinite"--these definitions are suggested by the word "nutrition" which connects to the body and covers a wide range of foods and ways of preparation and eating.
But beyond general nutrition, there have been few studies of the content of human breast milk and how it might vary.
So perhaps it’s unsurprising that other than romance, comedy is probably the least developed genre in video games.
What Transparent Chennai found was that politicians reacted much better to maps than they did to reams of impenetrable data presented as charts or graphs.
"Graphic" also means "evoking lifelike images within the mind"--despite the photos' intention to warn about disease and death, this definition is a fitting description of the cigarette packaging.
In March 2006, cigarette packaging with graphic health warnings including photos of cancer-riddled lungs and gangrenous limbs was introduced in Australia.
Under “Values” it steers students to the Traditional Values Coalition, whose website includes a header that says, “Say NO to Obama. Stop Sharia in America.”
One section in the book has the heading, “Why I Do Not Believe In Evolution.”
"Highlight" also means "the most interesting or memorable part"--a fishing-themed license plate does not seem to fit the definition, but the author of the article highlights this image to make fun of the efforts by Cuomo to highlight his achievements as the governor of New York.
Several announcements by Mr. Cuomo were also highlighted, including one with footage of the governor showing off a new fishing-themed license plate.
Jackie Mason, in an email, hypothesized that the complicated relationship between Jews and mayonnaise was probably a consequence of Jews feeling “guilty over betraying mustard.”
Another definition of "identify" connects it to the similar-looking word "identical": consider to be equal or the same. People often identify with things, ideas, or other people that they think are equal to them. The example sentence comes from a senior vice president at Lockheed Martin who is hoping to identify countries that would identify with the view that drones are necessary.
“We’ll work together to identify customers and hopefully convince them this is the right platform for their needs.”
"Illustrate" also means "depict with a visual representation"--both definitions fit, because the handwritten receipt can be seen as a visual representation of a punishment (the receipt is for payment of a fine for violating China's one-child policy). The informal appearance of the receipt is just one example that illustrates how the Communist Party does not punish everyone the same way for the same violation.
Instead, the receipts were handwritten on small slips of paper, illustrating the arbitrary nature of the party's punishment system.
In the final, mocking Allegro, the violinist imitates a kind of teenage cackle through crisp fast notes embellished with grace notes.
"Imply" also means "express or state indirectly" or "suggest that someone is guilty"--neither of these definitions fits the example sentence since it directly states that a focus on sharing can lead to less consumption, and this would not be a situation that would require a suggestion of guilt.
In a consumer-oriented economy, where the idea is for people to consume, changing the paradigm to sharing would seem to imply a lot less consumption.
The Latin "clinare" means "to lean"--this is more clearly seen in another definition of "inclined" ("at an angle to the horizontal or vertical position"), but it is also suggested by the chosen definition, since a preference, disposition, or tendency is a lean towards something or someone. In the example sentence, the description of Mr. Kerry's inclination means that he leans towards believing that China is inclining towards greater freedom of the Internet.
During the meeting, Mr. Kerry sometimes seemed inclined to see a glass half full, while the bloggers were worried that it was emptying.
Her research includes studying various strains of itchy mice that are models for human ailments.
The Latin "corpus" means "body" and "incorporare" means "to form into a body"--this is suggested by other definitions of "incorporate": 1) make into a whole or make part of a whole; 2) unite or merge with something already in existence.
Stanford’s football team has incorporated yoga into its training program.
Both the chosen definition and this one of "be a signal for or a symptom of" seem to indicate that "indicate" is a strong and believable verb. But its Latin root of "dicare" which means "to proclaim or cry out" can be seen in definitions that are less sure: 1) to state or express briefly; 2) to point out a place, direction, person, or thing.
Deviations from the predicted shape of the halo would indicate that Einstein’s theory of gravity needs revision.
The potable use is indirect because it is not the drinking of water that comes from a mountain spring, but the drinking of wastewater that has been put through a multistep cleaning process. The phrase "indirect potable use" is indirect because it uses language that does not straightforwardly get to the point.
Officially this method is called indirect potable use, but it’s really water recycling.
Compare with "deduce"--the example sentences and chosen definitions show the verbs as synonymous. But they can also be antonymous, since "deduce" means "reason from the general to the particular" while "infer" means "draw from specific cases for more general cases"--this makes a deduction seem more credible than an inference, especially since "infer" can also mean "solve by guessing."
For instance, since infants look longer at events that surprise them, developmental psychologists can use gaze time to infer the predictions of preverbal children.
They want to purge Thailand of the influence of her divisive brother, Thaksin Shinawatra, who they claim continues to run the country by proxy.
"Inform" has another meaning that connects to the verb "form": "give character or essence to"--both definitions fit the example sentence, since the scientific results both provide information and form the character of future experimental searches.
The results lay the groundwork for future microscopic models and inform the experimental search for such materials.
So from time to time it’s good to take the focus off yourself and inquire into those around you a little more deeply.
"Instruction" also means "activities that impart knowledge or skill"--both definitions fit the example sentence, since the writer was learning how to fly on a trapeze.
The instructor gave some very basic instructions for what sounded like some very advanced moves.
The example sentence describes integrating maps with search, but integration can also produce 1) a whole society that is open to members of all races and ethnic groups; 2) a whole number (through a calculus operation).
"That's why they're integrating maps with search. When you search for Peking duck, you're seeing nearby restaurants in your results."
As a noun, "intent" is also a shorter version of "intention" and as an adjective, it means "giving or marked by complete attention to."
Whatever the intent, the sample never meshes with its soundtrack, and never inspires thought deeper than “radio evangelists were probably mistaken about rock ‘n’ roll.”
Satisfied with this initial success rate, the researchers then expanded their efforts with the intention of producing a few fully developed baby monkeys.
The law of combinations applies when there are many interacting people or objects.
Instead of intermittent reports, people would be able to record a steady stream of data and get warnings when they need them most.
"Interpret" also means "make sense of a language" and "give an explanation to"--all three definitions fit, because 1) the Bible's many translations through time, cultures, and languages have an effect on meaning; 2) the many books of the Bible include a mix of historical events, divine miracles, and parables, which many scholars from different disciplines have devoted themselves to sorting and explaining.
Interpreting the Bible is a little like studying Leonardo DaVinci’s painting of the Last Supper, he says.
The Girl Scouts recently introduced a gluten-free chocolate chip shortbread cookie to their annually anticipated line of sweet treats.
“Voting in elections is considered sacrosanct by a large majority of Indians,” Mukulika Banerjee writes in the introduction to her new book, “Why India Votes.”
Invariably, around February of each year, coinciding with Black History Month, you’ll hear people asking, “Why isn’t there a white history month?”
Compare with "inquire"--the two verbs have synonymous definitions, but as shown by the example sentences and Latin roots ("quaerere" means "to ask" and "vestigare" means "to track"), an investigation often involves more following and follow-through.
The Silkworm will follow the private investigator Cormoran Strike, who Rowling introduced in Cuckoo, as he investigates the murder of a novelist.
"Involve" also means "require as useful, just, or proper" and "engage as a participant"--all three definitions fit the example sentence, because the Navy scientists needed the whales to conduct the study of how sonar affects marine mammals, but some whales were shy and required years to find and tag before they could participate (compare with the definition and example sentence for "include").
The studies involved only a small group of tagged whales and noise levels were less intense than what's used by the Navy.
Irony is in plentiful supply in Thailand today: A billionaire tycoon is praised as the champion of the poor.
Most of the time you see a doctor, you would have gotten better anyway and his actions or advice are irrelevant.
“We are imprisoning, we are isolating, but we are not rehabilitating the way we should.”
With emphasis in italics and bold face, he added: “We need you to focus on our primary mission of defending our nation and our allies.”
Because judges are all entrenched in their sports’ insular communities, they develop relationships with the athletes and coaches they must later judge.
"Key" has other definitions that might be used in the classroom: 1) a list of answers to a test (which teachers might keep under lock and key); 2) a list of words or phrases explaining symbols or abbreviations; 3) something crucial for explaining.
Being as lean as possible and maintaining a healthy weight are key components of cancer prevention.
"Corn is a big problem. It is really really difficult to produce seed corn that would meet the current non-GMO verified label."
Boys are also more than two-thirds more likely than girls to be born prematurely--before the 37th week of pregnancy.
Lab websites also often list research projects, publications, data sets, software, job openings, collaborators and contact information.
The example sentence refers to technologies that can be figuratively mind-blowing because they seem like unbelievable images from a science fiction movie. But the technologies can also be literally mind-blowing because, now available in the U.S., are bionic eyes that combine a Google Glass device with a tiny electrode that is attached to a membrane that's connected to a nerve that leads to the brain.
Either way it is going to be mind-blowing, quite possibly in a literal sense.
In a conversation, O’Reilly author Matthew Gast suggested that you could extend the concept to develop a collar that would help to locate missing pets.
"Logical" also means "marked by an orderly and coherent relation of parts" (compare with the synonymous "coherent")--this does not fit the example sentence, since the laughter was caused by the students' recognition that the logic of this statement "In order to function at your mental and physical best, adolescents should be getting at least nine hours of sleep a night" does not relate to reality.
For many students, nine hours of sleep is so far beyond their reality that their only logical response is laughter.
The main reason banknotes get dirty is that they pick up an oily substance called sebum from human skin.
In referring to statistics, a margin of error is "a permissible difference." In referring to economics, a profit margin is "the net sales minus the cost of goods and services."
In a Portuguese songbook, written around 1600, images along the margins look like Australian aboriginals and possibly a kangaroo.
The name "Champions of Jerusalem" has denotative (literal) and connotative (secondary and often suggestive) meanings. It denotes winning, but it connotes the bloody contest over the holy city. It denotes "a defender, advocate, or supporter of a cause" which leads to another definition of "warrior" which again connotes the bloody wars that have been fought over the city. In claiming responsibility for attacks, the organization deliberately connects to all meanings.
The al-Qaeda-inspired militant organisation, whose name means "Champions of Jerusalem", has increasingly turned its attacks against the Egyptian police and army.
The example sentence and chosen definition show "measure" in its connection to accuracy, which can also be seen in these definitions: 1) a container of standard capacity to obtain fixed amounts; 2) instrument having a sequence of marks at regular intervals. But "measure" can also be an uncertain estimate of the nature, quality, ability, or significance of something. And it can be "any maneuver made as part of progress toward a goal."
The pacifier device she and her colleagues used measures the pressure and rhythm of sucking.
After a while, it becomes clear that the tightrope is also a metaphor, standing for the existential risk inherent in every serious instance of playing.
The children or their parents answered questions about what they ate or drank the previous day, a common method researchers use to assess Americans' diets.
If an Art teacher asks you to model, you could "assume a posture" or form something out of clay, wax, etc. If an English teacher hands you a model essay, you should examine it to see what is "worthy of imitation" and then "plan or create according to the example."
A working computer model of living cells, even if it were somewhat sketchy and not quite accurate, would be a fantastically useful tool.
"Modify" also means "add a word or phrase to qualify or limit the meaning of"--in the example sentence, "British" is an adjective that qualifies (specifies a characteristic of) the scientists; "genetically" is an adverb that characterizes how the potatoes were changed; "genetically modified" is an adjectival phrase that limits the types of potatoes that are blight-resistant.
British scientists have developed genetically modified potatoes that are resistant to the vegetable's biggest threat--blight.
Only in the past decade have scientists had the technology to closely monitor the behavior of whales and dolphins.
One never knows which “failure” will be the tipping point for an adolescent toward more effort, self-reflection, assuming responsibility, in a word, discovering inner motivation.
There are fiery chases and hectic brawls, and a crowd of famous voices simultaneously enacting and lampooning the standard cartoon-quest narrative of heroic self-discovery.
Using the "stream of consciousness" technique, her book begins with its narrator speaking from inside her mother's womb.
He recalled a proverb he had to translate from Latin as a schoolchild: "He plants the seeds of trees he'll never see bearing fruit."
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has added Tamiflu OS to the list of resolved drug shortages on its website with the notation "no supply issues anticipated."
A similar definition is "a brief written record." Similar in spelling to "notation" and "notice" it has definitions in common with both (it can be both a noun and verb). In describing people, "note" can mean 1) high status importance owing to marked superiority; 2) a characteristic emotional quality; 3) a tone of voice that shows what the speaker is feeling.
Then, suddenly, trouble looms when Philip starts receiving notes in his dead wife’s handwriting.
In most cases, artifacts found at construction sites are destroyed by equipment before anyone even notices them, Horner said.
In simply stating the objective of the Affordable Care Act, the example sentence is being objective ("undistorted by emotion or personal bias").
A prime objective of the Affordable Care Act is to bring down America’s health-care costs, which are the highest per person in the world.
The study was conducted in Thailand, and the researchers observed the behavior of 26 elephants in captivity over the course of a year.
She will testify that former Superintendent Beverly Hall ordered the destruction of investigative documents that concluded the cheating likely occurred, according to prosecutors.
Sharing views about pop culture is also common, with a median of 73% saying they use social networks to post opinions on music and movies.
Many environmentalists believe that fracking can damage water supplies, and oppose the extraction of new fossil fuel resources.
The course is largely taught through online videos, but enrolled students are also given quizzes, optional food-preparation assignments and opportunities to collaborate with classmates.
In order of possibility, here are some orders you might receive in the classroom: 1) arrange thoughts, ideas, temporal events; 2) assign a rank or rating to; 3) bring into conformity with rules or principles or usage; 4) give instructions to or direct somebody to do something; 5) make a request for something.
Seven models make both lists of the top 10 selling cars nationally and in California, though the order of the vehicles is scrambled.
School’s strict structure—its clear schedules, clean tiles, bells and clocks—allowed me to feel organized, cared for and seen.
"Origin" has its origin ("the source of something's existence or from which it derives") in the Latin verb "oriri" which means "to rise"--this gives the sense that things and people, no matter their origins, have an upward movement through space and time.
Since the origin of life on earth 3.8 billion years ago, our planet has experienced five mass extinction events.
In his speech, Mr Obama outlined his priority topics for the year, including healthcare, minimum wage and the pullout from Afghanistan.
Man is the culprit, and the pace of species die-off is accelerating at a rate unprecented in the history of life on earth.
He paraphrased a quotation attributed to Albert Einstein: “If an idea is not absurd, there is no hope for it.”
Scientists have also noted what are called “mirror neurons” in our brains, activated not just by participation in sports, but by watching others participate.
Since then, he says, he has filed some 10 lawsuits involving "objectionable passages" from various textbooks.
Other definitions of "pattern" make it synonymous with "example" and "model" including 1) something regarded as a normative example; 2) something intended as a guide for making something else. A pattern can also be a design of natural or accidental origin (such as a snowflake) or that is artistic or decorative (such as plaid).
Florida Atlantic won the contract to produce the water resistance measurements after doing similar work predicting drift patterns of floating items in oceans.
In addition to performing everyday tasks, the human hand and foot can be used to "give a dramatic or musical entertainment."
Both the human hand and foot represent a triumph of complex engineering, exquisitely designed to perform a range of tasks.
The Cubs hired Renteria because of a cheerful perspective that helps him communicate with young players—especially a strong Latin American contingent.
Health workers and officials have tried for years to persuade conservative Muslims to accept vaccination.
That would place liability for hacks squarely on the sellers’ shoulders.
Brush up on the definition of plagiarism and the reason we give others credit for their work.
To help people understand the importance of savings, many organizations are planning events for America Saves Week, Monday through March 1.
Thor—and the mechanics that drive his flight—is surprisingly plausible; so is the way a dragon from The Hobbit could breathe fire.
But minor characters just sort of die off, while major character deaths usually serve an important purpose in the plot.
For further thought, I will point out other definitions that might apply in a classroom: 1) indicate a place, direction, person, or thing; 2) a brief version of the essential meaning of something; 3) an outstanding characteristic; 4) the object of an activity; 5) a style in speech or writing that arrests attention; 6) the precise location of something; 7) a specific identifiable position in a continuum or series.
But their findings suggest at least two points for further thought.
point of view
“We have different points of view but we learned the art of compromise and that comes out of mutual respect.”
In Latin, "protrahere" means "to reveal"--this can be done through words (written or acted) or pictures.
The book is a fast read and it does a very good job portraying the colorful personalities and exciting discoveries unearthed by general relativity.
U.S. officials say, however, it is possible a U.N. resolution to help relieve the humanitarian crisis in Syria could get through the U.N.
He said that strong trade ties did not in themselves preclude the outbreak of war.
The company is also exploring medical devices and sensors that can help predict heart attacks by studying sound blood makes as it flows through arteries.
Here, "prefix" is used to mean "a title placed before one's name." The prefix in "prefix" is "pre" which means "before" so as a noun, "prefix" could be any element that is attached to the beginning of a word; as a verb, "prefix" (the accent is on the second syllable) means "to settle or arrange in advance."
In traditional Afghan society religious scholars have a lot of influence--they usually use the prefix of Mullah, Maulawi or Maulana before their names.
The Latin prefix "prae" means "before" and the verb "parare" means "to get ready." The idea of preparation can apply to a variety of purposes, whether it's planning for the delivery of legal arguments, studying for an upcoming test, training for a future role, or heating up foods for eating.
For serious felonies, defenders spent an average of only nine hours preparing their cases, compared with the 47 hours they needed, the study found.
Compare with "assume"--the chosen example sentences and definitions show the verbs to be synonymous. Both come from the Latin verb "sumere" which means "to take" but their different prefixes are clues to other definitions: "ad" means "to" so "assume" can mean to take to oneself a form, power, or garment; "prae" means "before" so "presume" can mean to take an action before asking for permission.
Though we never see her there, I presume she takes classes and participates in extracurriculars and goes to college parties.
Instead of trying to surprise viewers, many sponsors are filling social-media platforms with previews, teasers and coming attractions in hopes of stimulating additional interest.
"Teenagers are motivated to make a difference in their community but the approach they take is radically different to previous generations," said Mr Birdwell.
But the show’s primary model is the granddaddy of weepy teenage melodramas, “Romeo and Juliet.”
That said, most “open houses” were not particularly open, requiring advance registration several months prior, and spots filled up immediately.
Whatever you guess you think you will need in time and money, add 50-100% more and you are probably hitting the target.
Designed to keep hunger strikers alive, the procedure involves feeding them liquid meals via tubes inserted into their noses and down into their stomachs.
As a noun, "process" is synonymous with "procedure" (both come from the Latin "procedere" which means "to go forward"); this meaning is implied with the phrase "what's ahead" which refers to the free agency process. Used as a verb here, "process" can also mean "deal with in a routine way" but the chosen definition suggests that Tillman's "performance of some composite cognitive activity" connects to calculations involving salary, age, playing time, etc.
Chicago Bears cornerback Charles Tillman knows what’s ahead and is processing it all with a combination of calm and perspective.
"Produce" also means 1) come to have or undergo a change of; 2) cultivate by growing; 3) cause to happen, occur, or exist; 4) create or manufacture a man-made product--all five definitions can mostly fit here because scientists sliced DNA strands, injected them into fertilized eggs, and encouraged the growth of embryos with the intent of implanting them into females to produce macaque monkey babies with genetic profiles similar to sick humans (for use in future experiments).
The manipulation produced 15 normally developing embryos—of which all but one showed evidence of the desired genetic changes.
Job seekers fill out profiles with years of experience, languages spoken and salary requirements.
In Latin, "pro" means "forth" and "jacere" means "to throw"--this idea of forward motion can be seen more clearly in the definitions of "project" as a verb: 1) throw, send, or cast forward; 2) make or work out a plan for; 3) cause to be heard; 4) present for consideration, examination, criticism, etc.
The project, which is named after the Greek mythological character Pheme--famed for spreading rumours--will run for three years.
"Prompt" may be used as a pun here, since as an adjective, it describes how enrollment within the new healthcare system should have proceeded: "according to schedule or without delay."
The delay may prompt many healthy people to put off signing up for coverage.
Projects that require paying close attention to detail, like proofreading a paper or doing your taxes, Dr. Mehta said, are performed better in quiet environments.
The Latin "proprietas" means "ownership"--this meaning can apply to physical things that can be owned as well as to abstract constructs that belong to and distinguish objects or individuals.
Physicists recognized that the same stew of quantum processes that determine the properties of electrons and other particles would grant energy to empty space.
One proposed establishing an ostrich farm, and another suggested converting trash into accessories and furniture.
A drunken row over the merits of literary forms in Russia ended in a poetry-lover stabbing a champion of prose to death, investigators say.
Nuclear experts say the new results should help give the giant laser more time to prove its ultimate worth and gain more taxpayer support.
Although spelled differently, "purpose" and "propose" come from the same Latin verb "proponere" which means "to put forward"--this meaning can be seen in other definitions of "purpose": 1) an anticipated outcome that guides your planned actions (compare with "intention"); 2) the quality of being determined to do or achieve something.
Iran rejects Western allegations that it is seeking a nuclear weapons capability and says it is enriching uranium only for electricity generation and medical purposes.
“Pigs treat us as equals,” was part of a quotation attributed to Winston S. Churchill that inspired Ellen Balfour from Long Island.
He argued points of constitutional law, quoted Shakespeare, advocated for bipartisan compromise and even quieted hecklers.
And moving routinely ranks high on the list of life’s most unpleasant experiences.
The first use of the adjective in its superlative form ("rarest") describes river dolphins and connects to this definition: "not widely known or distributed." The chosen definition applies to the second use of the adjective, which describes the experience of discovering a new species, and for which another definition could also apply: "recurring only at long intervals."
"River dolphins are among the rarest and most endangered of all vertebrates, so discovering a new species is something that is very rare and exciting."
North Korea's leaders are often thought of as ruthless, secretive autocrats but rarely as popular children's authors.
"Reaction" also means "a bodily process due to the effect of some stimulus"--since the example sentence is about parasites that can affect both the brain and body, both definitions fit.
Research also suggests it may slow down reaction times, with the intention of making us more vulnerable to large predators.
"I remember my first camp I had a rollaway locker right in front of the shower, and I was terrified," Russell recalled.
But scientists say the bright moon will interfere and reduce the number of visible meteors by half.
The pronoun "she" refers to ("be relevant to") Janet Yellen, whose new position is officially referred to ("use a name to designate") as Chair of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.
But she referred to notes and appeared uncomfortable at times in addressing pointed questions on regulation.
"Reflect" also means "think deeply on a subject" and the prefix "re" which means "back" suggests that the subject is often connected to something that had happened in the past.
In part, the decrease in cases reflects reforms in Florida’s juvenile system, which is sending fewer children to court.
The chosen definition emphasizes the contrast within the example sentence (note the antonym "special"). But the regular Army can also be described by these definitions: 1) belonging to a nation's permanent army; 2) officially full-time; 3) routinely scheduled for fixed times; 4) symmetrically arranged.
He said the equipment would be the most advanced on any rotorcraft used by the regular Army, although some special forces had similar equipment.
Another definition of "relate" that is unrelated to the example sentence is: give an account of.
The mechanical problems appeared to be related to the solar-powered probe's process for shutting down for the lunar night, which lasts more than two weeks.
The example sentence suggests a worldwide relation between depression and peoples' lives, which could affect the relationships between millions of people.
Depression affects around 350 million people worldwide and at its worst can blight patients' lives for decades, affecting their relationships, work and ability to function.
Studys show that one of the greatest obstacles to bringing holdout homes online is convincing them the Internet is relevant to their daily lives.
She read out the theme of the year’s graduation, a rephrasing of a Thoreau quote: “Go confidently in the direction of your dreams.
While many reports are the results of research or investigation, some can just be written accounts of personal experiences or verbal complaints to the authorities. In school, an assigned report can be an essay on any topic, or it can be the teacher's evaluation of a student's abilities.
But reports have emerged of them being found nestled in pizza menus and other junk mail.
The Chinese artist Xu Bing literally represented ("create an image or likeness of") the phoenix. But in making it out of salvaged construction debris and tools, he intended it to represent ("point out or draw attention to in protest") the poor working conditions of migrants building luxury towers.
Representing luck, unity, power and prosperity, these mythological birds have, for the most part, been benevolent, gentle creatures.
However, because the study only looked at elephants in captivity, the findings might not be representative of all elephants, Bekoff said.
It has requested an additional $4 million, among other increases, to cover about 4,000 cases annually in which juvenile offenders receive no representation.
It is messy work that requires bronze brushes, cork with sandpaper, scrapers, waxing irons and surgical masks.
The Latin "requisitus" is the past participle of the verb "requirere" which means "to require" or "to ask for" (and is also the root of "request").
The requisite servants for a 1920s country-estate story—including a discreet butler and a cheeky footman—also pop up.
Rehearse for the interview with a friend or colleague, and practise different ways to respond to those questions.
While health officials can figure out that the drugs are responsible for the deaths, they can't figure out who's responsible ("held accountable"), since acetyl fentanyl is not legally distributed. Thus, the only responsible ("worthy of or requiring trust") thing the health officials can do for the public is issue announcements and warnings.
But in late June, Pennsylvania public health officials announced that acetyl fentanyl was responsible for 50 overdose deaths there, as well as five non-fatal overdoses.
China's foreign ministry restated its frequent calls for Japan to adopt a "responsible" view of its wartime history.
Compare with "consequence" (they have synonymous definitions as nouns, but "result" can also be a verb that means "end").
Hot Pockets Philly Steak and Cheese have been recalled as the result of the Rancho Feeding Corporation recall of meat products.
But his reputation suffered when it was revealed the tradesman was not, in fact, a licensed plumber.
"Review" can also mean "look at again"--this might apply to the example sentence if the district office has looked at the materials before, but more likely, the school administrators would be asking for "a new appraisal or evaluation" that is "a formal or official examination."
If school administrators have a question about whether the material is appropriate, they are supposed to ask the district office to review it.
" Revising history textbooks is a never-ending story. But that does not mean we should not start."
The chosen definition does not include the image of the underground part of a plant that takes hold and begins to grow--this would give a clearer sense of the deep-rooted nature of violence that cannot simply be solved with reforms on gun laws.
As a nation, we argue for and against gun reform, yet we rarely discuss the root of the violence.
Rule #1: Accept this basic generalization because it is true.
Rule #2: Believe this law concerning a natural phenomenon.
Rule #3: Regard this example as the norm.
Rule #4: Use this standard procedure for solving a class of problems.
Rule #5: Know who rules.
Penalties for breaking the rules included fines, suspension, or being shut down.
"Scan" also has a seemingly opposite definition: "make a wide, sweeping search of"--but for astronomers scanning the heavens, both actions fit.
Astronomers have built quite a few observatories dedicated to patiently scanning the heavens looking for blips of light.
Try to score a perfect 20 on the following test:
1) What do conductors and musicians often look at during performances?
2) What are you settling when you resent someone strong enough for retaliation?
3) What are the facts about an actual situation?
4) What is a set of 20 members called?
Despite the tight security, the most common reason officials cancel test scores isn’t transmission devices hidden in rain boots—it’s sneaky glances at cell phones.
Aside from the comedian impersonating a politician, the humor in the sequence is that it connects to the chosen definition rather than to this definition: serial arrangement in which things follow in logical order.
In a popular impersonation by Italy's best-known comedian, Renzi captivates his audience with a mesmerizing sequence of catchy but totally meaningless phrases.
"Series" and "sequence" are similar in their connections to time, but their different levels of meaning can be seen in their Latin roots ("sequi" means "to follow" and "serere" means "to join") and in this mathematical definition of "series": the sum of a finite or infinite sequence of expressions.
The plant's operator, Tokyo Electric Power Co, has been plagued by a series of mishaps including radioactive water leaks and power outages.
Similar definitions are: 1) an abstract collection of numbers or symbols; 2) several exercises intended to be done in series. "Set" can also be a verb that means: 1) locate; 2) insert; 3) arrange attractively; 4) decide upon or fix definitely; 5) get ready for a particular purpose; 6) establish as the highest level. As an adjective, "set" means 1) converted to solid form; 2) fixed and unmoving; 3) on the point of or strongly disposed to.
The two conversations involve almost entirely different sets of hashtags, links and “hub” accounts.
Whether tucked in an urban setting or deep within a national forest, these trails can power up your fitness routine in a number of ways.
The chosen definition gives a strong use of the verb, but "show" can also refer to a vague action that means "give expression to" or "make visible or noticeable" (compare with "indicate").
Other studies show that when people don’t have to worry about health insurance, they are up to 25 percent more likely to change jobs.
The newly created Qualcomm logo is signal ("notably out of the ordinary") because it uses the letter Q and replaces the bottom stroke with the symbol of a lightning bolt. A dropped signal ("an electric quantity whose modulation represents coded information") could be a signal ("any incitement to action") to use Qualcomm's Quick Charge 2.0, but the need to do so signals ("be a symptom of") a phone-centric life.
Qualcomm has created a logo for both chargers and phones to signal to the consumer that both devices support the standard.
Breaking "significance" down, especially into its Latin roots, connects it to the previous word: "signum" means "sign" and "facere" means "to make"--something with significance contains signs that can be a stated or indirect expression of a message or a signal of its importance.
Antiques, after all, offer the intangible pleasures of beauty and historical significance rather than the guaranteed profit margins that please bean counters.
In that extraordinary simile, "her neck quaked like curd", Lizzie herself has become edible, a kind of junket.
Stone said he only has skimmed the book, though he said his wife, Livia, praised it as "surprisingly riveting" after reading all of it.
Americans love to solve the "Big Problems", he argues, such as cutting-edge innovation and overcoming the challenges of abject poverty.
Wikipedia is a convenient source ("a facility where something is available") of information, but it should not be seen as the source ("the place where something begins") of knowledge, because it is a secondary source created by lots of sources ("a person who supplies information") who rely on a variety of sources (this could include "a publication that is referred to" or a primary source who had participated in or observed the event).
A Wikipedia article was repeatedly created and repeatedly deleted for lack of reliable sources.
The math and music prodigies scored higher than the art prodigies on tests of general cultural knowledge, vocabulary, quantitative reasoning, and visual spatial ability.
Even if Bryce Harper has a skill that is specific to ("distinguishing something particular or special or unique") crushing walls, he, like most interviewed athletes who are members of teams, will often make general rather than specific statements about the game.
Harper always talks about improving all parts of his game but seldom mentions a specific area that needs it.
Another definition that fits the example sentence is "talk over conjecturally, or review in an idle or casual way." The Latin "specere" means "to look at" (compare with the verbs "observe" and "examine" and the noun "aspect"). Just as there are different ways of looking at something, "speculate" also has another definition that seems antonymous to the two already given: reflect deeply on a subject.
He speculates that the scientists were investigating the possible use of malaria--transmitted via mosquitoes--as a biological weapon.
"Stance" also means "a standing posture" (from the Latin "stare" which means "to stand")--although the physical description does not fit the example sentence, it is suggested by the idea of standing behind one's stance, especially when one is the leader of a country.
The facility is part of Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott's tough stance against asylum seekers but it has come under fire over human rights concerns.
Compare with "common"--the two can be synonymous adjectives, but "standard" also has an antonymous definition that connects to the example sentence: widely recognized as a model of authority or excellence.
In most states, academic standards are created by educators and approved by a state board of education or education agency.
"Now it will be possible to have near real-time updates of the state of the world's forests, open to anyone to use."
"Statement" also means "an assertion offered as evidence that something is true"--both definitions fit, since the words in quotation marks are the actual statement, but the underlying message the Ukrainian President gives in posting onto his website is that his statement is true, despite accusations from the protesters.
“Protesters broke the truce,” the President said in a statement posted on his website.
Keep praising middle-school kids who are struggling and their grades might never recover, he writes, because they never learn strategies to deal with failure.
Compare with "body"--although the given definitions use different words, they are synonymous. But the Latin "struere" means "to construct" so a structure can also be something that is deliberately built to create meaning, whether it's a school, the rules within the school, the grades and classes, or the elements of knowledge arranged into subjects such as Math, English, Science, etc.
Galaxies harass one another gravitationally in high-speed fly-bys and head-on collisions, each distorting the other’s structure into unrecognizable shapes.
Compare with "examine"--the given example sentences show the verbs can be synonymous. But the words also connect to seemingly opposite actions, since "examine" can mean "question closely" or "put to the test, as for its quality" while "study" can mean "think intently and at length, as for spiritual purposes" and "apply the mind to learn and understand a subject."
Astronomers are studying how spiral galaxies could run out of gas, literally and figuratively, and turn into ellipticals.
"Style" can also refer to any way of expression that is characteristic of music, writing, people, places, or things. And it can be directions or rules to be followed, especially editorial ones for spelling, punctuation, etc.
An eclectic mix of musical styles have been promised across the five nights, from country legend Willie Nelson to rapper Pitbull.
The subject ("the topic of a conversation or discussion") of the article is Chinese censorship. Its main point is that the political nature of Netflix's "House of Cards" makes it subject ("likely to be affected by something") to Chinese censorship. But unlike previous releases of books, fiction, and nonfiction (which are the grammatical subjects of the example sentence), "House of Cards" has so far been shown in its original entirety.
Books, fiction and nonfiction, have also similarly been subject to stringent censorship processes before release in the Chinese market.
Because the changes are subjective and difficult to measure, medical professionals often do not ask patients about changes in their sense of smell.
As president, Washington earned well more than subsequent presidents: his salary was 2% of the total U.S. budget in 1789.
On their return, they were met by a jeering crowd who threw litter and rotten eggs as a substitute for confetti.
One bulletin for Adams County included a succinct warning: "Stay away or be swept away."
"Marry Him: The Case for Settling for Mr. Good Enough" is the title of a book that its author Lori Gottlieb hates because of the negative thoughts that the word "settle" suggests ("call to mind" or "imply as a possibility"). She suggested "How to settle for the perfect man" so that the focus is more positively on perfection, but the publisher refused, so she is now afraid people won't get past the title to read her suggestions within the book.
We suggested so many alternate titles and they insisted on using the word “settle.”
Yet what is total output but the sum of all individuals’ work?
I recently wrote about a fun blog called LolMyThesis, in which self-deprecating students summarize their research findings in a single sentence.
The chosen example sentence and definition are for "summary" as an adjective. As a noun, "summary" ("a brief statement that presents the main points") is directly related to the verb "summarize" and is similar to "sum" in its usual placement at the end.
North Korean migrants and defectors returned by China regularly faced torture, detention, summary execution and forced abortion, said the report.
The Latin "sub" means "from below" and "portare" means "to carry"--this idea can be seen more clearly in other definitions of "support": 1) carry the weight of; 2) argue or speak in defense of; 3) give moral or psychological aid or courage to.
Supporting this notion, several studies and systematic reviews have shown that giving kids with these disorders omega-3 supplements does not improve their symptoms.
As a noun, "survey" means
1) a detailed inspection or investigation.
2) a general or comprehensive view.
3) a gathering of a sample of data or opinions considered to be representative of a whole.
The rover was designed to roam the lunar surface for three months while surveying for natural resources and sending back data.
The Lamb on the light side of power, and the Lion on the dark side best symbolize the power extremes.
Remember that delicious and healthy is by far not an oxymoron; the words can be more like synonyms.
Digital animators did motion studies, copying the movement of these animals frame by frame until they could synthesize a convincing idea of dinosaur movement.
In addition, if the numbers in the table were correct, it looks like that Obamacare was a negative sum game.
They also heard about the latest techniques for the chemical analysis of paint, which permit the analyst to nail down when a work was painted.
The Latin "terminus" means "boundary"--this idea can be seen in the definition of "term" as "a limited period of time." In terms of ("with regard to") contracts, a term is "a stipulation or condition that defines the nature and limits of an agreement." In terms of logic, a term is "each of the two concepts being compared or related in a proposition." In terms of math, a term is "any distinct quantity contained in a polynomial."
Perhaps as a response to the times we live in, people throughout the developed world are looking for what is commonly termed “authenticity”.
Too often we order unnecessary tests, to bolster revenue or to protect against lawsuits.
"Theme" also simply means "the subject matter of a conversation or discussion"--both definitions fit the example sentence because the same theme can be found in both a poem and an interactive blog of Ms. McCray. Another unrelated definition of "theme" is "an essay, especially one written as an assignment" (compare with "composition").
The poem seemed to hit a theme that Ms. McCray speaks of frequently: giving voice to the voiceless.
The problem with the thesis is that in setting out their claim, the authors ignore the more obvious explanation for differences in group success: history.
The several Hemingway passports, besides providing a photographic timeline of him as his hair and mustache go white, attest to his restlessness and wanderlust.
"Tone" can also mean 1) the quality of a person's voice; 2) the general atmosphere of a place or situation--all three definitions can fit since the focus is on President Obama's televised State of the Union address. As a future presidential candidate for the opposing political party, Senator Rubio deliberately used "tone" in a vague way to avoid offending either side.
"I appreciated the optimistic tone of the speech," Rubio, a potential 2016 Republican presidential contender, told reporters at a Wall Street Journal breakfast on Wednesday.
Iran has also rejected discussing other related topics like its missile program.
Tracing the word to its roots reveals that "trace" comes from the Old French "tracier" which means "to make one's way" and that comes from the Latin "tractus" which means "a drawing"--the Old French connection can be seen in the chosen definition and in this one: discover indications that something has been present. The Latin connection can be seen in this definition: copy by following the lines of the original drawing.
The family line for the teenage flick “Vampire Academy” may trace back to “Dracula,” but the recycling policy is strictly from “Frankenstein.”
In its spot, a more jocular narrator explains that one of the pencil’s most awe-inspiring traits is that it is extremely pointy.
The prefix "trans" connects to change, which can often be rough, but the focus of transitions, whether they're between states of government or paragraphs within an essay, is on smoothness.
The area was colonised in the 1800s and ruled by Britain as Northern Rhodesia until 1964, when it made a peaceful transition to independence.
MIT’s seal includes the Latin words--mens et manus--which translates as Mind and Hand.
Her Soyajoy Premium Total Tofu Kit produces single tofu blocks, slightly larger than what you’d typically find in the market.
“Given that everyone has unique DNA, it is scientifically certain that no two people will be identical in terms of capabilities,” he wrote.
Current TV display technology utilizes only 30% of human color perception capability, implying that smaller displays utilize even less.
This seems obvious because many cultures have traditionally institutionalized the siesta or mid-afternoon nap, but it seems to be scientifically valid.
Though the mountains may look like one massive granite blob, sharp boundaries mark chemical variations within the range.
Although the chosen definition is for a verb, "varied" is used as an adjective in the example sentence, which makes it synonymous with "variegated" which means "marked by variety."
After all, it is an enormous and varied place with the genetic, linguistic, culinary and sartorial diversity which are usually found in a continent.
The agency said public reports of dead aquatic turtles at two state parks in Virginia had not yet been verified by federal biologists.
Compare with "point of view" and "perspective"--with Latin roots that connect to sight ("specere" means "to look" and videre means "to see"), they are synonymous, but the word "point" points to a specific position from which something can be viewed, while a perspective can be a broader attitude.
Similarly, the Economist takes the viewpoint that although “innovation kills some jobs, it creates new and better ones.”
"Voice" also means "the distinctive quality or pitch of a person's speech"--this definition is similar to "tone" but note the absence of the adjective "distinctive" since most writers try to develop a voice unique to them, even though they might use tones revealing their attitudes that are similar to those of other writers.
When she found her literary voice as an expatriate in Paris, she created a writing life that consciously excluded the ties of marriage and children.
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