An accusation is a statement that says, "Hey, you did this! And this was bad!" You could make an accusation that someone stole your socks, insulted your grandmother, or stole your plans for an orbital death ray. When you make an accusation, you accuse someone.
The Prime Minister’s pulse quickened at the very thought of these
accusations, for they were neither fair nor true.
The captain is
accused of failing to assess the weather, steer the vessel appropriately and prepare the passengers for abandoning ship.
This is one of the less severe types of blaming in this list. When you admonish someone, you're giving them a light scolding or a mild pooh-poohing at most. The noun form is
admonishment. If someone in a movie theater says — "Could you please put away your phone?" — that's an admonishment. If they say — "People like you are bringing about the fall of society, dooming us to live in a lawless society, like Mad Max!" — that's more of a denunciation.
He was banished from the coast, and the sheriff was
admonished to be more careful in granting passes for the future.
Castigate means "to reprimand in an especially harsh way." So, if you've ever been castigated, I'm sorry to hear it. Castigating is a hardcore version of the blame-and-shame game. It's miles beyond a simple admonishment. Like a lot of words, this one is first recorded in Shakespeare, specifically in Timon of Athens: "If thou did'st put this sowre cold habit on To castigate thy pride, 'twere well." In other words, "You should feel bad about being so full of yourself, dude."
Prosecutors allege Martin jeopardized national security by bringing home reams of classified information even as, they say, he once
castigated colleagues as “clowns” for lax security measures.
The alliance was plunged further into crisis this month as Renault’s demand for a greater say in Nissan’s governance drew rare public
censure by the Japanese automaker.
chasten someone, you chase them ten times. Just kidding. Chastening is a lot less fun than chasing, because you chasten someone for wrongdoing. A teacher could chasten you for talking in class. Your parents could chasten for you selling the dog to pirates. This word has a strong moral flavor to it, and you can also say you are chastened if you feel bad about misbehavior and won't do it again.
Facebook won’t change on its own, but a
chastening from Apple might be what the company needs to get its act together.
She recalled her mother
chastising her for wearing earrings shaped like peace signs without bothering to learn what they represented.
Chiding is a little less serious than rebuking, and a lot less official than reprimanding (see below). Chiding is closer to scolding and a little like nagging, and it can be passive-aggressive. Teachers and parents are great fans of chiding their charges. A chide could be, "You forgot to do your homework again?"
At an event in a low-ceilinged hotel conference room, the tour guide encouraged the visitors to sing a hymn in a local language, gently
chiding them for not yet knowing the tune.
"Ultimately our clients want justice and we will not rest until those
culpable are held accountable."
This is a strong word for serious blame or disapproval. You wouldn't denounce your brother for eating the last cookie. Well, maybe you would, but generally denouncing is saved for more serious violations.
Among the prisoners released by Russia was Ukrainian film director Oleg Sentsov, whose conviction for preparing terrorist attacks was strongly
Denunciation is the noun form of
The protests began as a revolt against a proposed fuel tax but quickly widened into a broader
denunciation of inequality and a stinging critique of Macron’s mode of governance.
Disapprobation, which has been around since the 1600s, is a noun for the state of total disapproval and condemnation. When someone does something immoral or unethical, the reaction will resound with disapprobation. This word means something very close to
approbation is a lot like
approval. Free cake would be greeted by the masses with approbation, but free poison cake would only receive disapprobation.
Though the movie was subjected to a good deal of critical
disapprobation, it was wildly popular.
implicate someone is to suggest their involvement in something, and that something isn't usually a legal thing. This word comes up a lot in legal and criminal language. If someone is implicated in a bank robbery, they've been linked to it in some way. Implicate is related to imply, which means to suggest something without flat-out saying it.
Crown Prince Mohammed was
implicated in the killing by United States intelligence officials and a United Nations inquiry.
rebuke someone is to reprimand them, usually in an official, sometimes public, way. This word has been around since the 1300s, and its meaning can be similar to
rebuttal. A rebuke is a rebuttal with some shame on top.
U.S. diplomats around the world often meet with opposition figures and groups, occasionally drawing
rebukes from governments.
reprimand is a statement of disapproval, often an official one from a teacher, supervisor, or other person in authority. Parents blame children in many ways for many things, but they aren't likely to issue a reprimand, because a family isn't an official organization (unless it’s a crime family, I guess). Reprimands are statement of sins and transgressions that go in your official record, which could eventually mean suspension from school, loss of a job, or demotion in the military.
They were issued with only
reprimands, however, rather than grid penalties.
“I told you to keep that shawl over your shoulders,” she