WORD LISTS

Gross, Anatomy!

June 1, 2020
The human body is a treasure trove of vocabulary, from the tiniest blood vessel to the biggest bone. How many of these words for body parts do you know?
abdomen
His doctor was urging him to undergo surgery on a painful hernia in his abdomen, and his family didn’t pay the rent due on June 1.
capillary
Capillus is Latin for "hair," and capillaris means "of hair." So tiny, hair-like veins are called capillaries.
Surrounding those sacs are capillaries lined like bricks with endothelial cells.
clavicle
Several weeks ago I fell in my home, breaking my clavicle, several ribs and my hip, and began an intense regimen to regain my health.
cranium
Cranium is Latin, from the Greek kranion, meaning "skull."
Curators exhibited the objects — which conformed to those in a photo taken by Matrone — and hastily cataloged the cranium as “Pliny the Elder’s skull.”
diaphragm
Diaphragma is Greek, meaning "barrier," "partition," and, for the purposes of this list, also refers to the muscle that separates the abdomen from the thorax, and which expands and contracts our lungs, making us breathe.
Your diaphragm, the large muscle that sits just below your lungs and above your stomach, helps you breathe.
esophagus
Esophagus is another Greek word, literally meaning "carry food."
They are given nutrition intravenously at first, and then, if they do well, with a feeding tube that’s run down their esophagus.
iris
Are the irises of your eyes light or dark?
larynx
Like pharynx, below, larynx is Greek. It refers to the part of your throat where your vocal cords are located. That's why inflammation of the vocal cords, such that you lose your voice, is called laryngitis.
By using the vocal tract with an artificial larynx sound, they synthesised a vowel sound meant to be similar to the voice of Nesyamun.
mandible
The insects bite into leaves with their mandibles and proboscises to induce flowering up to one month earlier than normal.
midriff
Your midriff is the area of your body below your ribcage and above your pelvis. It's an Old English word for the diaphragm, above.
He laughs so hard he turns red, clutching his midriff and fighting for breath.
navel
She did not speak, but instead drew a slow and shaking finger from her sternum to her navel.
ocular
Oculus means "eye" in Latin.
At least one study found paintballs pose significant risk for devastating ocular trauma.
patella
A late-season knee surgery that repaired bipartite patella, a rare condition that occurs when the bones in the kneecap do not fuse after birth, forced him to step away from baseball activities for several weeks.
pharynx
Where the larynx is the vocal cords, the pharynx refers to the throat, the top of the windpipe.
It highlights the increased risk of cancers of the lip, mouth, pharynx, larynx and oesophagus.
proboscis
Greek for "elephant's trunk," proboscis can refer to any long or large nose, or even the long tube that insects use to feed themselves.
The bees soon cut several holes in the leaves of each plant using their mandibles and proboscises.
retina
The artificial eye uses a lens to focus light onto a dense array of light-sensitive nanowires in order to mimic a human iris and retina.
sternum
The handlebars slammed into his chest, and he dislocated his sternum.
thorax
Thorax means "chest" in Greek, but it's not used often in human anatomy any more. Insects, though, especially bees and wasps and the like, have very distinct thoraxes.
The kicker: golden pollen covering its thorax, abdomen, and legs.
trachea
The woman, who is now breathing through a tube inserted in her trachea, is awake, eating and communicating with family via a cellphone, he said.

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