WORD LISTS

This Week in Words: Current Events Vocab for October 1–October 7, 2022

October 3, 2022
Stories about Fat Bear Week, pro pickleball, and a 40-foot human tower all contributed words to this list of vocabulary from the week's news.
approve
The FDA approved a new drug to treat amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, known as ALS or Lou Gehrig's disease. The medication was shown in an initial trial to extend patients' lives by six months and slow progression of the disease, which eventually paralyzes the whole body. Although the FDA usually requires further testing to authorize a drug, ALS advocates and doctors campaigned for its quick approval. The Latin approbare, "regard as good," is the root of approve.
asylum
Last month, Florida Governor Ron DiSantis arranged for 48 Venzuelan asylum seekers to be flown from Texas to Martha's Vineyard. This week several of the migrants, who continue to seek a safe haven in the U.S., said they were tricked by a recruiter who promised them benefits and jobs in Massachusetts. Asylum derives from the Greek asylos, "safe from violence."
capitulate
British Prime Minister Liz Truss has capitulated to demands that her government drop its plans to drastically reduce income tax rates for the country's wealthiest citizens. On October 3, Truss announced that she was reversing her economic policy, which centered on tax cuts. Observers say she gave in to pressure from members of her own party in Parliament, who fear a growing economic crisis and the increasing popularity of the opposition Labour Party.
contain
Ugandan health officials are struggling to contain an outbreak of Ebola. The virus strain currently spreading in the country has no effective vaccine or treatment, and it's caused at least seven deaths. To curb its spread, scientists are rushing trials of two new vaccines, setting up testing laboratories, and training healthcare workers to treat patients. Officials are also educating Ugandans on Ebola, in the hopes of curtailing the outbreak.
evacuate
A week after Hurricane Ian devastated parts of Florida, teams were still working to evacuate people from Sanibel Island. Despite mandatory orders to leave their homes before the storm, about 200 residents remained. The collapse of a causeway cut the island off from the mainland, and people have had to be transported to safety in boats. The Latin root of evacuate is evacuare, "clear out or empty."
league
LeBron James has become part owner of a Major League Pickleball team. The sport, which resembles tennis but is played on a smaller court with paddles and a harder ball, gained a professional association in 2021. The league currently consists of 12 co-ed teams, each of which has four players. James is a co-owner of one of four new pickleball expansion teams that will play next season.
livestock
Pigs swarmed a highway in Minnesota on October 2 after a tractor-trailer carrying livestock overturned. The semi truck rolled over on a ramp near the interchange of I-94 and I-694, and hogs ran wild, blocking the exit for four hours. The farm animals were eventually rounded up and transported to the Washington County fairgrounds. The term livestock is from stock and its "supply of something" meaning — in this case, a supply of a live animal.
physiology
On October 3, the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to Swedish geneticist Svante Pääbo. According to the prize committee, Pääbo's discovery of the Neanderthal genome has helped scientists better understand human evolution. Analysis of Neanderthal DNA still found in some living humans has clarified the ways our bodies and systems are similar to (and different from) those of our ancestors.
poacher
Cheetahs, declared extinct in India 70 years ago, were officially reintroduced there last month at Kuno National Park. This week, the eight big cats were joined by six German shepherds that have been trained to protect them from poachers. Cheetahs were devastated by overhunting in the early 20th century and now enjoy strict protections. Poach, or "steal game from someone else's property," has a root meaning "thrust or poke."
president
Jimmy Carter, the longest-living U.S. president, celebrated his 98th birthday on October 1. He and former First Lady Rosalynn Carter marked the occasion at a parade in the former commander-in-chief's hometown of Plains, Georgia. Carter served one term as the 39th president, leaving the White House in 1981. President shares a Latin root with preside that means "govern," or literally, "sit in front of."
promote
Kim Kardashian has agreed to pay $1.26 million in penalties for failing to disclose that she was paid to promote cryptocurrency. The Securities and Exchange Commission charged Kardashian with encouraging her millions of followers to buy shares of EthereumMax without mentioning her $250,000 compensation for the promotion. The Latin roots of promote mean "to move or push forward."
resilience
A southwest Florida community that was built with climate resilience in mind made it through last week's hurricane with very little damage. Babcock Ranch is a neighborhood of 2,000 solar-powered homes, none of which lost electricity during the hurricane. It was designed to bounce back quickly after minor damage, with underground power lines and streets that flood during heavy rain, keeping water away from houses. Resilience derives from a Latin word meaning "to rebound."
salary
California Governor Gavin Newsom signed a law this week that will require most companies to provide salary information in job advertisements. Businesses with more than 15 employees must post a range of compensation levels when they recruit workers. Advocates of the new law say pay transparency is needed in order to close gender and racial wage gaps. The root of salary means "salt," and the word was originally defined as "a soldier's allowance for the purchase of salt."
scheme
Ohio officials are investigating accusations that two men cheated in a fishing competition by inserting lead weights into the fish they caught to make them seem heavier. The Lake Erie Walleye Trail fishing tournament in Cleveland erupted in anger and confusion after Jacob Runyan and Chase Cominsky's scheme to unfairly win the $30,000 prize was uncovered when judges felt something hard inside their fish. Upon slicing the walleyes open, they found objects that weighed almost eight pounds.
stampede
A stampede after an Indonesian soccer match on October 1 has resulted in at least 125 deaths. The panicked crush of people began after police fired tear gas into the crowd in response to fans rushing the field following the loss of their team. There were about 40,000 spectators in the packed stadium. Stampede is from the Spanish estampida, "an uproar," and its root, which means "to stomp."
trademark
A Swiss court ruled against the German chocolate company Lidl this week, finding that it violated a trademark law when it designed chocolate bunnies that look very similar to those made by Swiss chocolatier Lindt. Both candies are hollow, rabbit-shaped chocolates wrapped in gold foil. Lindt has been making the confection since 1952, and it has become closely associated with the brand. The ruling requires Lidl to melt down any bunnies it was planning to sell in Switzerland.
tradition
As part of a long Catalan tradition, 41 teams gathered in a Tarragona stadium and competed to see who could make the tallest human tower. For centuries, residents of this region of Spain have participated in forming these castells, or piles of people. Historians think the practice evolved from an 18th-century custom of traveling dance groups. The winning tower was more than 40 feet tall. The Latin root traditionem means "a handing down."

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