WORD LISTS

Data Analysis, List 2

December 1, 2022
Review these terms and concepts related to data analysis that may be tested on the Quantitative Reasoning section of the GRE test.
algorithm
Furthermore, the algorithm would seek out a classroom full of students who performed far better than their past scores would have predicted and who then went on to score significantly lower the following year.
causal
These considerations, along with the just mentioned correlation between regional population size and societal complexity, have led to a protracted chicken-or-egg debate about the causal relations between food production, population variables, and societal complexity.
correlation
Iris color also has a small correlation with color discrimination: It could be a factor in determining your very precise experience of color.
demographic
Although Americans over 65 remain the demographic most likely to have received the original series of vaccinations, at 92 percent, their interest in keeping their vaccinations up-to-date is steadily declining, data from the C.D.C. shows.
distribution
Solving either the Riemann or Landau-Siegel problems would mean that the distribution of prime numbers does not have huge statistical fluctuations.
estimation
“It has been a joy to see how rigorous estimation methods initially developed for biodiversity statistics … are increasingly applied in the social sciences and humanities,” he says.
hypothesis
Hard, protective body scales, made of mineralized tissue such as dentine or enamel, could have migrated into the mouth—a hypothesis known as outside-in.
inference
Fossils don’t preserve most soft tissue, so researchers can only make inferences about such tissue’s properties or examine present-day equivalents.
outcome
Previous research has also shown that data about feelings predict human outcomes, but not in such a linear fashion; the degree of satisfaction or lack thereof served as a good predictor of future actions.
permutation
These processes can involve distinct interactions with so many electrons that it is nearly impossible to keep track of all of their permutations.
population
First developed nearly two hundred years ago by Belgian statistician Adolphe Quetelet, it was intended a tool for determining weight trends based on larger population samples.
proportional
The infection-fatality ratio means a rate describing the number of infections proportional to the number of deaths.
sample
The team looked at 256 blood samples from 229 wolves, which had been carefully watched throughout their lives, and had their life histories and social status recorded.
survey
In an initial investigation of how people felt about group events, we surveyed more than 18,000 would-be attendees at one of Europe’s largest outdoor music festivals, planned for June and July 2020.
trend
These data reveal typical trends for stars: The massive stars tend to be hot and young.

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